Vegetative cells of Byssovorax cruenta By c2T from yeast agar, in phase-contrast. Scale bar = 10 microns. - Source:2Aerobic heterotroph
The sole species, Byssovorax cruenta is a strictly aerobic, cellulose degrader 2. Carbohydrates are required for growth. Suitable substrates include cellulose, maltose, L-arabinose, D-xylose, fructose, and cellobiose. Glucose becomes inhibitory at concentrations greater than or equal to 0.1%. When used as a carbon source, peptones are also inhibitory. Bacterial groups within the order Myxococcales, are suggested to degrade active and/or dead cells in activated sludge (micropredators) 1. The in situ physiology of Byssovorax in activated sludge has not been determined.
 Osaka, Ebie, Tsuneda, Inamori (2008): Identification of the bacterial community involved in methane-dependent denitrification in activated sludge using DNA stable-isotope probing. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 64 (3): 494-506. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2008.00473.x
 Reichenbach, Lang, Schumann, Spröer (2006): Byssovorax cruenta gen. nov., sp. nov., nom. rev., a cellulose-degrading myxobacterium: rediscovery of 'Myxococcus cruentus' Thaxter 1897. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56 (Pt 10): 2357-63. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63628-0