ByssovoraxDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameByssovorax
SourcePublished
Alternative namesByssophaga, Myxococcus cruentus
NCBI taxonomy ID224459

Taxonomy (MiDAS 2.0)

KingdomBacteria
GenusByssovorax

16S gene copy number2
GenomesNo3

 In situOther
Filamentous2
Hydrophobic cell surface


Vegetative cells of Byssovorax cruenta By c2T from yeast agar, in phase-contrast. Scale bar = 10 microns. - Source:2

Aerobic heterotroph
Sugars

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

The sole species, Byssovorax cruenta is a strictly aerobic, cellulose degrader 2. Carbohydrates are required for growth. Suitable substrates include cellulose, maltose, L-arabinose, D-xylose, fructose, and cellobiose. Glucose becomes inhibitory at concentrations greater than or equal to 0.1%. When used as a carbon source, peptones are also inhibitory. Bacterial groups within the order Myxococcales, are suggested to degrade active and/or dead cells in activated sludge (micropredators) 1. The in situ physiology of Byssovorax in activated sludge has not been determined.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Chemoautotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph2
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulfate Reduction
Fermentation
Acetogen
Methanogen
Short-chain Fatty Acids
Sugars2
Proteins/Amino Acids2

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000
Activated Sludge000.1
Digester-Mesophilic000
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant InActivated sludge

References

[1] Osaka, Ebie, Tsuneda, Inamori (2008): Identification of the bacterial community involved in methane-dependent denitrification in activated sludge using DNA stable-isotope probing. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 64 (3): 494-506. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2008.00473.x

[2] Reichenbach, Lang, Schumann, Spröer (2006): Byssovorax cruenta gen. nov., sp. nov., nom. rev., a cellulose-degrading myxobacterium: rediscovery of 'Myxococcus cruentus' Thaxter 1897. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56 (Pt 10): 2357-63. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63628-0

[3] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 224459 -

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