Byssovorax

Genus nameByssovorax
SourcePublished
Alternative namesByssophaga, Myxococcus cruentus
NCBI taxonomy ID224459

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria
GenusByssovorax

16S gene copy number-
GenomesNo

 In situOther
Filamentous2
Hydrophobic cell surface


Vegetative cells of Byssovorax cruenta By c2T from yeast agar, in phase-contrast. Scale bar = 10?microns. - Source:2

Aerobic heterotroph
Sugars

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

The sole species, Byssovorax cruenta is a strictly aerobic, cellulose degrader 2. Carbohydrates are required for growth. Suitable substrates include cellulose, maltose, L-arabinose, D-xylose, fructose, and cellobiose. Glucose becomes inhibitory at concentrations greater than or equal to 0.1%. When used as a carbon source, peptones are also inhibitory. Bacterial groups within the order Myxococcales, are suggested to degrade active and/or dead cells in activated sludge (micropredators) 1. The in situ physiology of Byssovorax in activated sludge has not been determined.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph2
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids
Sugars2
Proteins/Amino Acids2

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000
Activated Sludge000.1
Digester-Mesophilic000
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant InActivated sludge

References

[1] Osaka, Ebie, Tsuneda, Inamori - Identification of the bacterial community involved in methane-dependent denitrification in activated sludge using DNA stable-isotope probing. - FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 64(3): 494-506. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2008.00473.x

[2] Reichenbach, Lang, Schumann, Spröer - Byssovorax cruenta gen. nov., sp. nov., nom. rev., a cellulose-degrading myxobacterium: rediscovery of 'Myxococcus cruentus' Thaxter 1897. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56(Pt 10): 2357-63. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63628-0

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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