ZoogloeaDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameZoogloea
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID349

Taxonomy (MiDAS 2.0)


16S gene copy number-

 In situOther
Hydrophobic cell surface3

Micrograph of SBR-activated sludge biomass from plant C: Phase contrast image with India ink capsule staining. Scale bar indicates 10 microns. - Source:1

Aerobic heterotroph
Nitrite reduction
Short-chain fatty acids
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed


Abundant denitrifiers in activated sludge 4, implicated in floc formation 2 5 with overgrowth suggested to give non-viscous bulking 6. Cells may be rod shaped 5 or form characteristic 'finger-like' microcolonies in activated sludge 2. Aerobic, chemoorganotrophs 5. Produce amyloid adhesins in the extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) component in activated sludge 2. PHA is accumulated in situ 7.

Show full entry

Distribution plant/process configuration

Abundant growth suggested to be linked to wastewater composition, nutrient deficiencies (N,P,Ca,Mg,Fe and other trace elements) and high sludge loading 6.

FISH probes

ZOO834 7, ZRA23a, ZBE, ZAL 8


 In situOther
Aerobic Heterotroph27591112
Nitrite Reduction4591012
Sulfate Reduction
Short-chain Fatty Acids47911
Proteins/Amino Acids12

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Activated Sludge00.20.8

Predominant InInfluent


[1] McIlroy, Speirs, Tucci, Seviour (2011): In situ profiling of microbial communities in full-scale aerobic sequencing batch reactors treating winery waste in australia. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45 (20): 8794-803. doi:10.1021/es2018576

[2] Larsen, Nielsen, Otzen, Nielsen (2008): Amyloid-like adhesins produced by floc-forming and filamentous bacteria in activated sludge. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74 (5): 1517-26. doi:10.1128/AEM.02274-07

[3] Wan, Chen, Wen, Lee, Liu (2015): Formation of bacterial aerobic granules: Role of propionate. Bioresour. Technol. 197 (): 489-94. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2015.08.137

[4] Hagman, Nielsen, Nielsen, Jansen (2008): Mixed carbon sources for nitrate reduction in activated sludge-identification of bacteria and process activity studies. Water Res. 42 (6-7): 1539-46. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2007.10.034

[5] Shin, Hiraishi, Sugiyama (1993): Molecular systematics of the genus Zoogloea and emendation of the genus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 43 (4): 826-31. doi:10.1099/00207713-43-4-826

[6] L. Novak, L. Larrea, J. Wanner and J. L. Garcfa-Heras (1994) Non-filamentous activated sludge bulking caused by Zoogloea. Water Sci. Tech. 29. No. 7. 301-304 - Novak Et Al 1994 -

[7] Oshiki, Onuki, Satoh, Mino (2008): PHA-accumulating microorganisms in full-scale wastewater treatment plants. Water Sci. Technol. 58 (1): 13-20. doi:10.2166/wst.2008.652

[8] Rosselló-Mora, Wagner, Amann, Schleifer (1995): The abundance of Zoogloea ramigera in sewage treatment plants. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61 (2): 702-7.

[9] Shao, Chung, Lee, Park, Lee, Jeon, et al. (2009): Zoogloea caeni sp. nov., a floc-forming bacterium isolated from activated sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 59 (Pt 3): 526-30. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65670-0

[10] Xie, Yokota (2006): Zoogloea oryzae sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from rice paddy soil, and reclassification of the strain ATCC 19623 as Crabtreella saccharophila gen. nov., sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56 (Pt 3): 619-24. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63755-0

[11] Mohn, Wilson, Bicho, Moore (1999): Physiological and phylogenetic diversity of bacteria growing on resin acids. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 22 (1): 68-78. doi:10.1016/S0723-2020(99)80029-0

[12] Farkas, Táncsics, Kriszt, Benedek, Tóth, Kéki, et al. (2015): Zoogloea oleivorans sp. nov., a floc-forming, petroleum hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from biofilm. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65 (Pt 1): 274-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.068486-0

Hide details
comments powered by Disqus

Contact us at mail@midasfieldguide.org