Zoogloea

Genus nameZoogloea
SourcePublished
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID349

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria
GenusZoogloea

16S gene copy number-
GenomesNo

 In situOther
Filamentous259101112
Hydrophobic cell surface3


Micrograph of SBR-activated sludge biomass from plant C: Phase contrast image with India ink capsule staining. Scale bar indicates 10 microns. - Source:1

Aerobic heterotroph
Nitrite reduction
Fermentation
Fatty acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Abundant denitrifiers in activated sludge 4, implicated in floc formation 2 5 with overgrowth suggested to give non-viscous bulking 6. Cells may be rod shaped 5 or form characteristic 'finger-like' microcolonies in activated sludge 2. Aerobic, chemoorganotrophs 5. Produce amyloid adhesins in the extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) component in activated sludge 2. PHA is accumulated in situ 7.

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Distribution plant/process configuration

Abundant growth suggested to be linked to wastewater composition, nutrient deficiencies (N,P,Ca,Mg,Fe and other trace elements) and high sludge loading 6.

FISH probes

ZOO834 7, ZRA23a, ZBE, ZAL 8

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph27591112
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction4591012
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation591011
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids47911
Sugars9
Proteins/Amino Acids12

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent00.20.7
Activated Sludge00.20.8
Digester-Mesophilic00.10.3
Digester-Thermophilic000.1

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] McIlroy, Speirs, Tucci, Seviour - In situ profiling of microbial communities in full-scale aerobic sequencing batch reactors treating winery waste in australia. - Environ. Sci. Technol. 45(20): 8794-803. doi:10.1021/es2018576

[2] Larsen, Nielsen, Otzen, Nielsen - Amyloid-like adhesins produced by floc-forming and filamentous bacteria in activated sludge. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74(5): 1517-26. doi:10.1128/AEM.02274-07

[3] Wan, Chen, Wen, Lee, Liu - Formation of bacterial aerobic granules: Role of propionate. - Bioresour. Technol. 197(): 489-94. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2015.08.137

[4] Hagman, Nielsen, Nielsen, Jansen - Mixed carbon sources for nitrate reduction in activated sludge-identification of bacteria and process activity studies. - Water Res. 42(6-7): 1539-46. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2007.10.034

[5] Shin, Hiraishi, Sugiyama - Molecular systematics of the genus Zoogloea and emendation of the genus. - Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 43(4): 826-31. doi:10.1099/00207713-43-4-826

[6] L. Novak, L. Larrea, J. Wanner and J. L. Garcfa-Heras (1994) Non-filamentous activated sludge bulking caused by Zoogloea. Water Sci. Tech. 29. No. 7. 301-304 - Novak Et Al 1994 -

[7] Oshiki, Onuki, Satoh, Mino - PHA-accumulating microorganisms in full-scale wastewater treatment plants. - Water Sci. Technol. 58(1): 13-20. doi:10.2166/wst.2008.652

[8] Rosselló-Mora, Wagner, Amann, Schleifer - The abundance of Zoogloea ramigera in sewage treatment plants. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61(2): 702-7.

[9] Shao, Chung, Lee, Park, Lee, Jeon, et al. - Zoogloea caeni sp. nov., a floc-forming bacterium isolated from activated sludge. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 59(Pt 3): 526-30. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65670-0

[10] Xie, Yokota - Zoogloea oryzae sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from rice paddy soil, and reclassification of the strain ATCC 19623 as Crabtreella saccharophila gen. nov., sp. nov. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56(Pt 3): 619-24. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63755-0

[11] Mohn, Wilson, Bicho, Moore - Physiological and phylogenetic diversity of bacteria growing on resin acids. - Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 22(1): 68-78. doi:10.1016/S0723-2020(99)80029-0

[12] Farkas, Táncsics, Kriszt, Benedek, Tóth, Kéki, et al. - Zoogloea oleivorans sp. nov., a floc-forming, petroleum hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from biofilm. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65(Pt 1): 274-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.068486-0

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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