Sulfuritalea

Genus nameSulfuritalea
SourcePublished
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID1054211

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria

16S gene copy number2
GenomesYes3

 In situOther
Filamentous124
Hydrophobic cell surface


Composite FISH micrograph of Sulfuritalea-related (Sulf842) in the Aars WWTP. Target cells in FISH micrograph overlays appear magenta [target probe (CY3 = red) + EUBmix (CY5 = blue)] and non-target blue (EUBmix only). Scale bar represents 20 microns. - Source:2

Autotroph/Mixotroph
Aerobic heterotroph
Nitrite reduction
Fatty acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

The sole isolate is a facultative autotroph able to oxidize thiosulfate, elemental sulfur and hydrogen as sole energy sources for autotrophic growth and could utilize nitrate as an electron acceptor 4, although attempts to resolve this activity in activated sludge in situ were inconclusive 1. In activated sludge they have a broad substrate uptake profile - assimilating pyruvate, acetate, propionate, amino acids and glucose. They also appear able to utilise nitrite as an electron acceptor indicating a likely role in dentrification. Additional unresolved anaerobic activities are also noted 192 1. Present as small rods distributed throughout the flocs 192.

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FISH probes

Sulf842 (should be applied with Sulf431 with different fluorochromes) 2

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph34
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph124
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction24
Sulphate Reduction4
Fermentation
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids124
Sugars14
Proteins/Amino Acids12

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000
Activated Sludge0.10.41.1
Digester-Mesophilic00.10.1
Digester-Thermophilic000.1

Predominant InActivated sludge

References

[1] McIlroy, Awata, Nierychlo, Albertsen, Kindaichi, Nielsen, et al. - Characterization of the In Situ Ecophysiology of Novel Phylotypes in Nutrient Removal Activated Sludge Treatment Plants. - PLoS ONE 10(9): e0136424. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0136424

[2] McIlroy, Starnawska, Starnawski, Saunders, Nierychlo, Nielsen, et al. - Identification of active denitrifiers in full-scale nutrient removal wastewater treatment systems. - Environ. Microbiol. 18(1): 50-64. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.12614

[3] Watanabe, Kojima, Fukui - Complete genomes of freshwater sulfur oxidizers Sulfuricella denitrificans skB26 and Sulfuritalea hydrogenivorans sk43H: genetic insights into the sulfur oxidation pathway of betaproteobacteria. - Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 37(6): 387-95. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2014.05.010

[4] Kojima, Fukui - Sulfuritalea hydrogenivorans gen. nov., sp. nov., a facultative autotroph isolated from a freshwater lake. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 61(Pt 7): 1651-5. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.024968-0

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The online MiDAS field guide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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