Nitrosospira

Genus nameNitrosospira
SourcePublished
Alternative namesNitrosolobus; Nitrosovibrio
NCBI taxonomy ID35798

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria

16S gene copy number1
GenomesYes456

 In situOther
Filamentous7
Hydrophobic cell surface


Confocal microscopic FISH image. Simultaneous in situ hybridization with CY5-labeled probe NSV443 and CY3-labeled probe NSR1156. Cells of Nitrosospira spp. are shown in blue; cells of Nitrospira-like bacteria are red. - Source:7

Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
Nitrite reduction

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Aerobic, lithoautotrophic, ammonia oxidizers. Play only a minor role in treatment plants 3 2. Can grow mixotrophically, but not heterotrophically 8 9. Urea and potentially hydrogen may serve as alternate electron donors 8 5.

Show full entry

Distribution plant/process configuration

The Nitrosospira are considered K-strategists, with a high substrate affinity and low growth rate 1. They are better suited to a lower concentration of ammonia than is found in treatment plants where they are likely outcompeted by the Nitrosomonas 2. The are sometimes detected in nitrifying bioreactors 10.

FISH probes

Nso1225 (inc. Nitrosomonas) 3

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph5681112
AOB5681112
NOB5681112
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph81112
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction5613
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation81112
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino Acids

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000
Activated Sludge000
Digester-Mesophilic000
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant In-

References

[1] Schramm, de Beer, van den Heuvel, Ottengraf, Amann - Microscale distribution of populations and activities of Nitrosospira and Nitrospira spp. along a macroscale gradient in a nitrifying bioreactor: quantification by in situ hybridization and the use of microsensors. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65(8): 3690-6.

[2] Daims H. And Wagner M. (2010) The microbiology of nitrogen removal In: Microbial Ecology of Activated Sludge. Seviour R.J. & Nielsen P.H. (eds.). IWA Publishing. London, UK. - Daims And Wagner 2010 -

[3] Mobarry, Wagner, Urbain, Rittmann, Stahl - Phylogenetic probes for analyzing abundance and spatial organization of nitrifying bacteria. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62(6): 2156-62.

[4] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 35798 -

[5] Norton, Klotz, Stein, Arp, Bottomley, Chain, et al. - Complete genome sequence of Nitrosospira multiformis, an ammonia-oxidizing bacterium from the soil environment. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74(11): 3559-72. doi:10.1128/AEM.02722-07

[6] Garcia, Urakawa, Le, Stein, Klotz, Nielsen, et al. - Draft Genome Sequence of Nitrosospira sp. Strain APG3, a Psychrotolerant Ammonia-Oxidizing Bacterium Isolated from Sandy Lake Sediment. - Genome Announc 1(6): . doi:10.1128/genomeA.00930-13

[7] Schramm, De Beer, Wagner, Amann - Identification and activities in situ of Nitrosospira and Nitrospira spp. as dominant populations in a nitrifying fluidized bed reactor. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64(9): 3480-5.

[8] Watson, Graham, Remsen, Valois - A lobular, ammonia-oxidizing bacterium, Nitrosolobus multiformis nov.gen.nov.sp. - Arch Mikrobiol 76(3): 183-203.

[9] Kindaichi, Ito, Okabe - Ecophysiological interaction between nitrifying bacteria and heterotrophic bacteria in autotrophic nitrifying biofilms as determined by microautoradiography-fluorescence in situ hybridization. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70(3): 1641-50.

[10] Schmidt, Sliekers, Schmid, Bock, Fuerst, Kuenen, et al. - New concepts of microbial treatment processes for the nitrogen removal in wastewater. - FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 27(4): 481-92.

[11] Harms, Koops, Wehrmann - An ammonia-oxidizing bacterium, Nitrosovibrio tenuis nov. gen. nov. sp. - Arch. Microbiol. 108(1): 105-11.

[12] Urakawa, Garcia, Nielsen, Le, Kozlowski, Stein, et al. - Nitrosospira lacus sp. nov., a psychrotolerant, ammonia-oxidizing bacterium from sandy lake sediment. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65(Pt 1): 242-50. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.070789-0

[13] Shaw, Nicol, Smith, Fear, Prosser, Baggs, et al. - Nitrosospira spp. can produce nitrous oxide via a nitrifier denitrification pathway. - Environ. Microbiol. 8(2): 214-22. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00882.x

Hide details

comments powered by Disqus

The online MiDAS field guide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

Contact us at mail@midasfieldguide.org