Nitrosomonas

Genus nameNitrosomonas
SourcePublished
Alternative namesNitrosococcus mobilis
NCBI taxonomy ID914

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria

16S gene copy number1
GenomesYes45678

 In situOther
Filamentous1415
Hydrophobic cell surface


Three populations of nitrifying bacteria, detected simultaneously in a nitrifying sequencing batch biofilm reactor with ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) of the Nitrosomonas oligotropha lineage detected by probe Cluster6a192 (Cy5; blue), nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) of Nitrospira sublineage I probe Ntspa1431 (Cy3; red), NOB of Nitrospira sublineage II probe Ntspa1151 (FLUOS; green). Bar = 10 mm. - Source:1

Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
Aerobic heterotroph
Nitrite reduction
Fatty acids
Sugars

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Aerobic, lithoautotrophic, ammonia-oxidizers, that are widely distributed in nature, and important in most treatment plants 9 3 10. Can grow mixotrophically with organic substrates 11 12. Under mixotrophic conditions members of the genus can also nitrify and denitrify simultaneously. In the absence of oxygen, H2 or simply organic compounds can act as electron donors with nitrite as the electron acceptor 13. N. oligotropha forms microcolonies in activated sludge 16.

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Diversity

Lineages include N. marina, N. communis, N. europeae, N. oligotropha and N. sp. Nm143, along with several uncultured 9.

FISH probes

Nso1225 (inc. Nitrosospira) 14

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph2567815
AOB2567815
NOB25678
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph1015
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction567813
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids11
Sugars11
Proteins/Amino Acids

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000.1
Activated Sludge0.10.30.7
Digester-Mesophilic00.10.2
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant InActivated sludge

References

[1] Nielsen PH, Daims H, and Lemmer, H (2009) FISH Handbook for Biological Wastewater Treatment: Identification and quantification of microorganisms in activated sludge and biofilms by FISH. IWA Publishing Company - Nielsen Et Al 2009 -

[2] Gieseke, Nielsen, Amann, Nielsen, de Beer - In situ substrate conversion and assimilation by nitrifying bacteria in a model biofilm. - Environ. Microbiol. 7(9): 1392-404. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00826.x

[3] Daims H. And Wagner M. (2010) The microbiology of nitrogen removal In: Microbial Ecology of Activated Sludge. Seviour R.J. & Nielsen P.H. (eds.). IWA Publishing. London, UK. - Daims And Wagner 2010 -

[4] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 914 -

[5] Bollmann, Sedlacek, Norton, Laanbroek, Suwa, Stein, et al. - Complete genome sequence of Nitrosomonas sp. Is79, an ammonia oxidizing bacterium adapted to low ammonium concentrations. - Stand Genomic Sci 7(3): 469-82. doi:10.4056/sigs.3517166

[6] Chain, Lamerdin, Larimer, Regala, Lao, Land, et al. - Complete genome sequence of the ammonia-oxidizing bacterium and obligate chemolithoautotroph Nitrosomonas europaea. - J. Bacteriol. 185(9): 2759-73.

[7] Stein, Arp, Berube, Chain, Hauser, Jetten, et al. - Whole-genome analysis of the ammonia-oxidizing bacterium, Nitrosomonas eutropha C91: implications for niche adaptation. - Environ. Microbiol. 9(12): 2993-3007. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2007.01409.x

[8] Suwa, Yuichi, Norton, Bollmann, Klotz, Stein, et al. - Genome sequence of Nitrosomonas sp. strain AL212, an ammonia-oxidizing bacterium sensitive to high levels of ammonia. - J. Bacteriol. 193(18): 5047-8. doi:10.1128/JB.05521-11

[9] Purkhold, Pommerening-Röser, Juretschko, Schmid, Koops, Wagner, et al. - Phylogeny of all recognized species of ammonia oxidizers based on comparative 16S rRNA and amoA sequence analysis: implications for molecular diversity surveys. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66(12): 5368-82.

[10] Prosser, J.I., Head, I.M., Stein, Y.S. (2014) The Family Nitrosomonadaceae. In: The Prokaryotes: Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria. 4th Edition. Eds. E. Rosenberg; E.F. Delong; S. Lory; E. Stackebrandt; F. Thompson. Heidelberg : Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2014. p. 901-918. - Prosser Et Al 2014 -

[11] Hommes, Sayavedra-Soto, Arp - Chemolithoorganotrophic growth of Nitrosomonas europaea on fructose. - J. Bacteriol. 185(23): 6809-14.

[12] Clark, Schmidt - Growth response of Nitrosomonas europaea to amino acids. - J. Bacteriol. 93(4): 1302-8.

[13] Bock, E., Schmidt, I., Stuven, R., Zart, D. (1995) Nitrogen loss caused by denitrifying Nitrosomonas cells using ammonium or hydrogen as electron donors and nitrite as electron acceptor. Arch. Microbiol. 163: 16-20 - Bock Et Al 1995 -

[14] Mobarry, Wagner, Urbain, Rittmann, Stahl - Phylogenetic probes for analyzing abundance and spatial organization of nitrifying bacteria. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62(6): 2156-62.

[15] Koops H.P., Bottcher B., Moller U.C., Pommerening-Roser A. and Stehr G. (1991) Classification of eight new species of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria: Nitrosomonas communis sp. nov., Nitrosomonas ureae sp. nov., Nitrosomonas aestuarii sp. nov., Nitrosomonas marina sp. nov., Nitrosomonas nitrosa sp. nov., Nitrosomonas eutropha sp. nov., Nitrosomonas oligotropha sp. nov. and Nitrosomonas halophila sp. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol. 137: 1689-1699. - Koops Et Al 1991 -

[16] Larsen, Nielsen, Svendsen, Nielsen - Adhesion characteristics of nitrifying bacteria in activated sludge. - Water Res. 42(10-11): 2814-26. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2008.02.015

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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