Simplicispira

Genus nameSimplicispira
SourcePublished
Alternative namesSimplicispira metamorpha and S. psychrophila formerly Aquaspirillum metamorphum and Aquaspirillum psychrophilum, respectively.
NCBI taxonomy ID352450

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria

16S gene copy number1
GenomesYes2

 In situOther
Filamentous345
Hydrophobic cell surface1


Aerobic heterotroph
Fatty acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Aerobic and facultatively anaerobic, chemoorganoheterotrophs 3. Simplicispira psychrophila is a denitrifier 3. Isolates are polymorphic, weakly curved rods, or spirilla shaped bacteria. Simplicispira have been isolated from activated sludge 4, however no in situ data has been determined.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph3
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph345
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids35
Sugars4
Proteins/Amino Acids345

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent00.20.8
Activated Sludge00.31.1
Digester-Mesophilic00.20.4
Digester-Thermophilic000.1

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] Furuhata, Kato, Goto, Hara, Fukuyama - Diversity of heterotrophic bacteria isolated from biofilm samples and cell surface hydrophobicity. - J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 55(1): 69-74.

[2] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 352450 -

[3] Grabovich, Gavrish, Kuever, Lysenko, Podkopaeva, Dubinina, et al. - Proposal of Giesbergeria voronezhensis gen. nov., sp. nov. and G. kuznetsovii sp. nov. and reclassification of [Aquaspirillum] anulus, [A.] sinuosum and [A.] giesbergeri as Giesbergeria anulus comb. nov., G. sinuosa comb. nov. and G. giesbergeri comb. nov., and [Aquaspirillum] metamorphum and [A.] psychrophilum as Simplicispira metamorpha gen. nov., comb. nov. and S. psychrophila comb. nov. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56(Pt 3): 569-76. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64027-0

[4] Lu, Ryu, Chung, Chung, Park, Jeon, et al. - Simplicispira limi sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 57(Pt 1): 31-4. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64566-0

[5] Hylemon, P.B., Wells, J.S., Jr, Kreig, N.R., and Jannasch, H.W. (1973) The genus Spirillum: a taxonomic study. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 23: 340-380. - Hylemon Et Al 1973 -

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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