ZymomonasDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameZymomonas
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID541



16S gene copy number2-7

 In situOther
Hydrophobic cell surface13


POSNEGVariableNot assessed


Anaerobic, fermenters with rod shaped or filamentous morphology 11 12. The in situ physiology of the genus in activated sludge has not been determined.

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 In situOther
Aerobic Heterotroph1112
Nitrite Reduction
Sulphate Reduction
Fatty Acids
Proteins/Amino Acids11

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Activated Sludge000

Predominant In-


[1] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 541 -

[2] Kouvelis, Teshima, Bruce, Detter, Tapia, Han, et al. - Finished Genome of Zymomonas mobilis subsp. mobilis Strain CP4, an Applied Ethanol Producer. - Genome Announc 2(1): . doi:10.1128/genomeA.00845-13

[3] Desiniotis, Kouvelis, Davenport, Bruce, Detter, Tapia, et al. - Complete genome sequence of the ethanol-producing Zymomonas mobilis subsp. mobilis centrotype ATCC 29191. - J. Bacteriol. 194(21): 5966-7. doi:10.1128/JB.01398-12

[4] Zhao, Bai, Zhao, Yang, Bai - Draft genome sequence of the flocculating Zymomonas mobilis strain ZM401 (ATCC 31822). - J. Bacteriol. 194(24): 7008-9. doi:10.1128/JB.01947-12

[5] Pappas, Kouvelis, Saunders, Brettin, Bruce, Detter, et al. - Genome sequence of the ethanol-producing Zymomonas mobilis subsp. mobilis lectotype strain ATCC 10988. - J. Bacteriol. 193(18): 5051-2. doi:10.1128/JB.05395-11

[6] Kouvelis, Davenport, Brettin, Bruce, Detter, Han, et al. - Genome sequence of the ethanol-producing Zymomonas mobilis subsp. pomaceae lectotype strain ATCC 29192. - J. Bacteriol. 193(18): 5049-50. doi:10.1128/JB.05273-11

[7] Kouvelis, Saunders, Brettin, Bruce, Detter, Han, et al. - Complete genome sequence of the ethanol producer Zymomonas mobilis NCIMB 11163. - J. Bacteriol. 191(22): 7140-1. doi:10.1128/JB.01084-09

[8] Yang, Pappas, Hauser, Land, Chen, Hurst, et al. - Improved genome annotation for Zymomonas mobilis. - Nat. Biotechnol. 27(10): 893-4. doi:10.1038/nbt1009-893

[9] Seo, Chong, Park, Yoon, Jung, Kim, et al. - The genome sequence of the ethanologenic bacterium Zymomonas mobilis ZM4. - Nat. Biotechnol. 23(1): 63-8. doi:10.1038/nbt1045

[10] Arvanitis, Pappas, Kolios, Afendra, Typas, Drainas, et al. - Characterization and replication properties of the Zymomonas mobilis ATCC 10988 plasmids pZMO1 and pZMO2. - Plasmid 44(2): 127-37. doi:10.1006/plas.2000.1480

[11] De Ley, J., and Swings, J. (1976) Phenotypic description, numerical analysis, and proposal for an improved taxonomy and nomenclature of the genus Zymomonas kluyver and Van Niel 1936. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 26(2): 146-157. - De Ley And Swings 1976 -

[12] Coton, Laplace, Auffray, Coton - Polyphasic study of Zymomonas mobilis strains revealing the existence of a novel subspecies Z. mobilis subsp. francensis subsp. nov., isolated from French cider. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56(Pt 1): 121-5. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63732-0

[13] Zikmanis, P., Shakirova, L., Auzina, L., Andersone, I. (2007) Hydrophobicity of bacteria Zymomonas mobilis under varied environmental conditions. Process Biochemistry. 42(4): 745-750. - Zikmanis Et Al 2007 -

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.


Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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