Sphingopyxis

Genus nameSphingopyxis
SourcePublished
Alternative namesSphingomonas
NCBI taxonomy ID165697

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria

16S gene copy number1
GenomesYes234

 In situOther
Filamentous1
Hydrophobic cell surface


Aerobic heterotroph
Fatty acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Strictly aerobic, chemo-organotrophs 1. Some strains are shown to accumulate PHA and are thought to be involved in degradation of xenobiotes such as chlorophenol 5. Little is known about the function of this genus in activated sludge.

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FISH probes

SPH120 probe targeting both Sphingopyxis and Sphingomonas 6

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph1
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction4789
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation48910111213
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids1214151617
Proteins/Amino Acids891215161722

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000.1
Activated Sludge00.20.8
Digester-Mesophilic00.10.3
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant InActivated sludge

References

[1] Takeuchi, Hamana, Hiraishi - Proposal of the genus Sphingomonas sensu stricto and three new genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, on the basis of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 51(Pt 4): 1405-17. doi:10.1099/00207713-51-4-1405

[2] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 165697 -

[3] Lauro, McDougald, Thomas, Williams, Egan, Rice, et al. - The genomic basis of trophic strategy in marine bacteria. - Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(37): 15527-33. doi:10.1073/pnas.0903507106

[4] Oelschlägel, Rückert, Kalinowski, Schmidt, Schlömann, Tischler, et al. - Sphingopyxis fribergensis sp. nov., a soil bacterium with the ability to degrade styrene and phenylacetic acid. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65(9): 3008-15. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.000371

[5] Godoy, Vancanneyt, Martínez, Steinbüchel, Swings, Rehm, et al. - Sphingopyxis chilensis sp. nov., a chlorophenol-degrading bacterium that accumulates polyhydroxyalkanoate, and transfer of Sphingomonas alaskensis to Sphingopyxis alaskensis comb. nov. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 53(Pt 2): 473-7. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02375-0

[6] Eilers, Pernthaler, Glöckner, Amann - Culturability and In situ abundance of pelagic bacteria from the North Sea. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66(7): 3044-51.

[7] Sharma, Verma, Bala, Nigam, Lal - Sphingopyxis ummariensis sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60(Pt 4): 780-4. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.008805-0

[8] Kämpfer, Witzenberger, Denner, Busse, Neef - Sphingopyxis witflariensis sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 52(Pt 6): 2029-34. doi:10.1099/00207713-52-6-2029

[9] Subhash, Sasikala, Ramana - Sphingopyxis contaminans sp. nov., isolated from a contaminated Petri dish. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 7): 2238-43. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.061937-0

[10] Zhang, Liu, Xin, Zhou, Schinner, Margesin, et al. - Sphingopyxis bauzanensis sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium isolated from soil. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60(Pt 11): 2618-22. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.018218-0

[11] Yoon, Oh - Sphingopyxis flavimaris sp. nov., isolated from sea water of the Yellow Sea in Korea. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55(Pt 1): 369-73. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63218-0

[12] Lee, Ten, Jung, Liu, Im, Lee, et al. - Sphingopyxis panaciterrae sp. nov., isolated from soil from ginseng field. - J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 18(6): 1011-5.

[13] Lee, Shin, Yoon, Takeuchi, Pyun, Park, et al. - Sphingomonas aquatilis sp. nov., Sphingomonas koreensis sp. nov., and Sphingomonas taejonensis sp. nov., yellow-pigmented bacteria isolated from natural mineral water. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 51(Pt 4): 1491-8. doi:10.1099/00207713-51-4-1491

[14] Yoon, Lee, Yeo, Oh - Sphingopyxis baekryungensis sp. nov., an orange-pigmented bacterium isolated from sea water of the Yellow Sea in Korea. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55(Pt 3): 1223-7. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63495-0

[15] Lee, Ten, Lee, Oh, Im, Lee, et al. - Sphingopyxis ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field in South Korea. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 58(Pt 10): 2342-7. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64431-0

[16] Kim, Im, Ohta, Lee, Lee - Sphingopyxis granuli sp. nov., a beta-glucosidase-producing bacterium in the family Sphingomonadaceae in alpha-4 subclass of the Proteobacteria. - J. Microbiol. 43(2): 152-7.

[17] Choi, Kim, Jung, Roh, Shin, Bae, et al. - Sphingopyxis soli sp. nov., isolated from landfill soil. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60(Pt 7): 1682-6. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.013128-0

[18] Vancanneyt, Schut, Snauwaert, Goris, Swings, Gottschal, et al. - Sphingomonas alaskensis sp. nov., a dominant bacterium from a marine oligotrophic environment. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 51(Pt 1): 73-9. doi:10.1099/00207713-51-1-73

[19] Jindal, Dua, Lal - Sphingopyxis indica sp. nov., isolated from a high dose point hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)-contaminated dumpsite. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 63(Pt 6): 2186-91. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.040840-0

[20] Alias-Villegas, Jurado, Laiz, Saiz-Jimenez - Sphingopyxis italica sp. nov., isolated from Roman catacombs. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 63(Pt 7): 2565-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.046573-0

[21] Kim, Lim, Chun - Sphingopyxis marina sp. nov. and Sphingopyxis litoris sp. nov., isolated from seawater. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 58(Pt 10): 2415-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65614-0

[22] Srinivasan, Kim, Sathiyaraj, Veena, Mahalakshmi, Kalaiselvi, et al. - Sphingopyxis panaciterrulae sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60(Pt 10): 2358-63. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.019414-0

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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