NovosphingobiumDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameNovosphingobium
Alternative namesSphingomonas
NCBI taxonomy ID165696



16S gene copy number1-3

 In situOther
Hydrophobic cell surface33

Phase-contrast micrograph of exponentially growing cells of strain FSW06-204dT. Bar, 5 microns. - Source:23

Aerobic heterotroph
Fatty acids
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed


Single rod shaped bacteria 4. Pure cultures of N. hassiacum have been shown to occur in chains and form microcolonies in liquid media 5. The genus' in situ physiology in activated sludge has not been determined. In pure culture Novosphingobium are strictly aerobic, chemoorganotrophs 4. Several species in the genus are capable of degrading and utilizing a number of organic compounds for growth including aromatic hydrocarbons, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) 6 7 8 9 10, polychlorophenols 11 and carbohydrates 12 9 13 14 15 6 16 17 18 19 10 7 20 21 22.

Show full entry


 In situOther
Aerobic Heterotroph4
Nitrite Reduction681025
Sulphate Reduction
Proteins/Amino Acids468121415161718222324252731

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Activated Sludge0.10.20.5

Predominant InActivated sludge


[1] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 165696 -

[2] Saxena, Nayyar, Sangwan, Kumari, Khurana, Lal, et al. - Genome Sequence of Novosphingobium lindaniclasticum LE124T, Isolated from a Hexachlorocyclohexane Dumpsite. - Genome Announc 1(5): . doi:10.1128/genomeA.00715-13

[3] Strabala, Macdonald, Liu, Smit - Draft genome sequence of Novosphingobium nitrogenifigens Y88(T). - J. Bacteriol. 194(1): 201. doi:10.1128/JB.06381-11

[4] Takeuchi, Hamana, Hiraishi - Proposal of the genus Sphingomonas sensu stricto and three new genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, on the basis of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 51(Pt 4): 1405-17. doi:10.1099/00207713-51-4-1405

[5] Kämpfer, Witzenberger, Denner, Busse, Neef - Novosphingobium hassiacum sp. nov., a new species isolated from an aerated sewage pond. - Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 25(1): 37-45. doi:10.1078/0723-2020-00083

[6] Yuan, Lai, Zheng, Shao - Novosphingobium indicum sp. nov., a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from a deep-sea environment. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 59(Pt 8): 2084-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.002873-0

[7] Sohn, Kwon, Kang, Jung, Kim - Novosphingobium pentaromativorans sp. nov., a high-molecular-mass polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from estuarine sediment. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 54(Pt 5): 1483-7. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02945-0

[8] Liu, Wang, Liu, Liu - Novosphingobium taihuense sp. nov., a novel aromatic-compound-degrading bacterium isolated from Taihu Lake, China. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55(Pt 3): 1229-32. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63468-0

[9] Balkwill, Drake, Reeves, Fredrickson, White, Ringelberg, et al. - Taxonomic study of aromatic-degrading bacteria from deep-terrestrial-subsurface sediments and description of Sphingomonas aromaticivorans sp. nov., Sphingomonas subterranea sp. nov., and Sphingomonas stygia sp. nov. - Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 47(1): 191-201. doi:10.1099/00207713-47-1-191

[10] Suzuki, Hiraishi - Novosphingobium naphthalenivorans sp. nov., a naphthalene-degrading bacterium isolated from polychlorinated-dioxin-contaminated environments. - J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 53(4): 221-8.

[11] Tiirola, Busse, Kämpfer, Männistö - Novosphingobium lentum sp. nov., a psychrotolerant bacterium from a polychlorophenol bioremediation process. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55(Pt 2): 583-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63386-0

[12] Glaeser, Bolte, Busse, Kämpfer, Grossart, Glaeser, et al. - Novosphingobium aquaticum sp. nov., isolated from the humic-matter-rich bog lake Grosse Fuchskuhle. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 63(Pt 7): 2630-6. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.048280-0

[13] Niharika, Moskalikova, Kaur, Sedlackova, Hampl, Damborsky, et al. - Novosphingobium barchaimii sp. nov., isolated from hexachlorocyclohexane-contaminated soil. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 63(Pt 2): 667-72. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.039826-0

[14] Chen, Zhang, Wang, Jiang, Kwon, Sun, et al. - Novosphingobium chloroacetimidivorans sp. nov., a chloroacetamide herbicide-degrading bacterium isolated from activated sludge. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 8): 2573-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.062950-0

[15] Glaeser, Bolte, Martin, Busse, Grossart, Kämpfer, et al. - Novosphingobium fuchskuhlense sp. nov., isolated from the north-east basin of Lake Grosse Fuchskuhle. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 63(Pt 2): 586-92. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.043083-0

[16] Xie, Quan, Liu, He, Wang, Ma, et al. - Novosphingobium kunmingense sp. nov., isolated from a phosphate mine. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 7): 2324-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.057273-0

[17] Saxena, Anand, Dua, Sangwan, Khan, Lal, et al. - Novosphingobium lindaniclasticum sp. nov., a hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)-degrading bacterium isolated from an HCH dumpsite. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 63(Pt 6): 2160-7. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.045443-0

[18] Lee, Azman, Zainal, Eng, Fang, Hong, et al. - Novosphingobium malaysiense sp. nov. isolated from mangrove sediment. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 4): 1194-201. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.059014-0

[19] Gupta, Lal, Lal - Novosphingobium panipatense sp. nov. and Novosphingobium mathurense sp. nov., from oil-contaminated soil. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 59(Pt 1): 156-61. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65743-0

[20] Lim, Moon, Chun - Reclassification of Flavobacterium resinovorum Delaporte and Daste 1956 as Novosphingobium resinovorum comb. nov., with Novosphingobium subarcticum (Nohynek et al. 1996) Takeuchi et al. 2001 as a later heterotypic synonym. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 57(Pt 8): 1906-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64852-0

[21] Takeuchi, Sakane, Yanagi, Yamasato, Hamana, Yokota, et al. - Taxonomic study of bacteria isolated from plants: proposal of Sphingomonas rosa sp. nov., Sphingomonas pruni sp. nov., Sphingomonas asaccharolytica sp. nov., and Sphingomonas mali sp. nov. - Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 45(2): 334-41. doi:10.1099/00207713-45-2-334

[22] Baek, Lim, Jin, Lee, Lee - Novosphingobium sediminicola sp. nov. isolated from freshwater sediment. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 61(Pt 10): 2464-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.024307-0

[23] Glaeser, Kämpfer, Busse, Langer, Glaeser - Novosphingobium acidiphilum sp. nov., an acidophilic salt-sensitive bacterium isolated from the humic acid-rich Lake Grosse Fuchskuhle. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 59(Pt 2): 323-30. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65852-0

[24] Lee, Kim, Whang - Novosphingobium aquiterrae sp. nov., isolated from ground water. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 9): 3282-7. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.060749-0

[25] Lin, Hameed, Liu, Hsu, Lai, Huang, et al. - Novosphingobium arabidopsis sp. nov., a DDT-resistant bacterium isolated from the rhizosphere of Arabidopsis thaliana. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 2): 594-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.054460-0

[26] Yabuuchi, Kosako, Fujiwara, Naka, Matsunaga, Ogura, et al. - Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 52(Pt 5): 1485-96. doi:10.1099/00207713-52-5-1485

[27] Gao, Zhang, Jiang, Luo, Li, Li, et al. - Novosphingobium fluoreni sp. nov., isolated from rice seeds. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65(Pt 5): 1409-14. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.000111

[28] Huo, You, Li, Wang, Xu - Novosphingobium marinum sp. nov., isolated from seawater. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65(Pt 2): 676-80. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.070433-0

[29] Addison, Foote, Reid, Lloyd-Jones - Novosphingobium nitrogenifigens sp. nov., a polyhydroxyalkanoate-accumulating diazotroph isolated from a New Zealand pulp and paper wastewater. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 57(Pt 11): 2467-71. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64627-0

[30] Nohynek, Nurmiaho-Lassila, Suhonen, Busse, Mohammadi, Hantula, et al. - Description of chlorophenol-degrading Pseudomonas sp. strains KF1T, KF3, and NKF1 as a new species of the genus Sphingomonas, Sphingomonas subarctica sp. nov. - Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 46(4): 1042-55. doi:10.1099/00207713-46-4-1042

[31] Kämpfer, Young, Busse, Lin, Rekha, Arun, et al. - Novosphingobium soli sp. nov., isolated from soil. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 61(Pt 2): 259-63. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.022178-0

[32] Fujii, Satomi, Morita, Motomura, Tanaka, Kikuchi, et al. - Novosphingobium tardaugens sp. nov., an oestradiol-degrading bacterium isolated from activated sludge of a sewage treatment plant in Tokyo. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 53(Pt 1): 47-52. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02301-0

[33] Wongwongsee, Chareanpat, Pinyakong - Abilities and genes for PAH biodegradation of bacteria isolated from mangrove sediments from the central of Thailand. - Mar. Pollut. Bull. 74(1): 95-104. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.07.025

Hide details
comments powered by Disqus

The online MiDAS field guide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.


Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

Contact us at