SEM of pure cultures of "Ca. Nostocoida". Scale bar = 2 microns. - Source:2Aerobic heterotroph
Filamentous organisms occasionally implicated in bulking 1. No in situ information is available and their poor growth in pure culture has made it difficult to determine the physiology of the organism. They are likely chemoorganoheterotrophs 2. Note that of the four original isolates of the genus, only one classifies as Nostocoida in the SILVA and MiDAS taxonomy. Two classify as Singuilisphaera and the other as Isosphaera.
 Liu, Seviour (2001): Design and application of oligonucleotide probes for fluorescent in situ identification of the filamentous bacterial morphotype Nostocoida limicola in activated sludge. Environ. Microbiol. 3 (9): 551-60.
 Liu, McKenzie, Seviour, Webb, Blackall, Saint, et al. (2001): Phylogeny of the filamentous bacterium 'Nostocoida limicola' III from activated sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 51 (Pt 1): 195-202. doi:10.1099/00207713-51-1-195