LeptotrichiaDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameLeptotrichia
SourcePublished
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID32067

Taxonomy (MiDAS 2.0)

KingdomBacteria
PhylumFusobacteria

16S gene copy number2-5
GenomesYes2

 In situOther
Filamentous345
Hydrophobic cell surface


SEM of cells of novel Leptotrichia species from anaerobic cultures on Columbia blood agar grown at 37 degrees Celcius for 48h. Cells from colonies of L. hofstadii sp. nov. LB23T, and (d) and L. wadei sp. nov. LB16T (h) showing short(h) and long (d) rods. Bars, 10 microns. - Source:3

Aerobic heterotroph
Fermentation
Sugars

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Straight or slightly curved rods, 0.5–3.0 × 5–15 µm, with one or both ends pointed or rounded. Frequently arranged in pairs, separate filaments, or chains, often with flattened ends. No club formation or branching 1. Facultative anaerobic/anaerobic. Growth may occur anaerobically or under aerotolerant condtions with 5% CO2 3 5 4. Ferment carbohydrates 3 4 to produce various organic acids, including lactic acid, and traces of acetic, formic or succinic acid 6. No in situ information is known about the genus in wastewater treatment systems.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Chemoautotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph345
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulfate Reduction
Fermentation34
Acetogen
Methanogen
Short-chain Fatty Acids
Sugars34
Proteins/Amino Acids

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent0.41.12.3
Activated Sludge00.10.3
Digester-Mesophilic000.1
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] - -

[2] Ivanova, Gronow, Lapidus, Copeland, Glavina Del Rio, Nolan, et al. (2009): Complete genome sequence of Leptotrichia buccalis type strain (C-1013-b). Stand Genomic Sci 1 (2): 126-32. doi:10.4056/sigs.1854

[3] Eribe, Paster, Caugant, Dewhirst, Stromberg, Lacy, et al. (2004): Genetic diversity of Leptotrichia and description of Leptotrichia goodfellowii sp. nov., Leptotrichia hofstadii sp. nov., Leptotrichia shahii sp. nov. and Leptotrichia wadei sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 54 (Pt 2): 583-92. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02819-0

[4] Tee, Midolo, Janssen, Kerr, Dyall-Smith (2001): Bacteremia due to Leptotrichia trevisanii sp. nov. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 20 (11): 765-9.

[5] Woo, Wong, Teng, Leung, Ngan, Zhao, et al. (2010): Leptotrichia hongkongensis sp. nov., a novel Leptotrichia species with the oral cavity as its natural reservoir. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 11 (6): 391-401. doi:10.1631/jzus.B1000056

[6] Eribe, Olsen (2017): species in human infections II. J Oral Microbiol 9 (1): 1368848. doi:10.1080/20002297.2017.1368848

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