Terrisporobacter

Genus nameTerrisporobacter
SourcePublished
Alternative namesPreviously a part of p-55-a5 (MiDAS 1.20) which has now been split into Intestinibacter, Terrisporobacter, Romboutsia and Asaccharospora. Clostridium glycolicum and Clostridium mayombei ha
NCBI taxonomy ID1505652

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria
PhylumFirmicutes
ClassClostridia

16S gene copy number9-11
GenomesYes23

 In situOther
Filamentous1456
Hydrophobic cell surface


Morphology of strain SFC-5. A) Phase contrast micrograph; bar= 10 microns. B) Transmission electron micrograph of a thin section; bar = 1.0 micron. Note endospores (arrows a, b) - Source:4

Fermentation
Acetogen
Fatty acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Members of the genus Terrisporobacter are strictly anaerobic, fermenters 1. Various sugars 5 4 6, organic acids 5 4 and proteins 5 4 are utilized as substrates for growth. Acetate is the major end product of metabolism 1 4 6. Terrisporobacter mayombei is a H2/CO2, acetogenic bacterium 4. Sulfite is utilized as an alternative electron acceptor by T. petrolearius 6. In pure culture, cells are straight or slightly curved rods, occurring singly or in pairs 1 5 4 6. No in situ information is currently known for the genus in activated sludge.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph13456
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction6
Sulphate Reduction56
Fermentation456
Acetogen4
Methanogen
Fatty Acids45
Sugars456
Proteins/Amino Acids45

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent00.10.3
Activated Sludge00.10.2
Digester-Mesophilic0.20.30.5
Digester-Thermophilic0.10.20.4

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] Gerritsen, Fuentes, Grievink, van Niftrik, Tindall, Timmerman, et al. - Characterization of Romboutsia ilealis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from the gastro-intestinal tract of a rat, and proposal for the reclassification of five closely related members of the genus Clostridium into the genera Romboutsia gen. nov., Intestinibacter gen. nov., Terrisporobacter gen. nov. and Asaccharospora gen. nov. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 5): 1600-16. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.059543-0

[2] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 1505652 -

[3] Lund, Sydenham, Høgh, Skov, Kemp, Justesen, et al. - Draft Genome Sequence of "Terrisporobacter othiniensis" Isolated from a Blood Culture from a Human Patient. - Genome Announc 3(2): . doi:10.1128/genomeA.00042-15

[4] - -

[5] Chamkha, Labat, Patel, Garcia - Isolation of a cinnamic acid-metabolizing Clostridium glycolicum strain from oil mill wastewaters and emendation of the species description. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 51(Pt 6): 2049-54. doi:10.1099/00207713-51-6-2049

[6] Deng, Guo, Wang, He, Ma, Wang, et al. - Terrisporobacter petrolearius sp. nov., isolated from an oilfield petroleum reservoir. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65(10): 3522-6. doi:10.1099/ijsem.0.000450

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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