TerrisporobacterDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameTerrisporobacter
SourcePublished
Alternative namesPreviously a part of p-55-a5 (MiDAS 1.20) which has now been split into Intestinibacter, Terrisporobacter, Romboutsia and Asaccharospora. Clostridium glycolicum and Clostridium mayombei ha
NCBI taxonomy ID1505652

Taxonomy (MiDAS 2.0)

KingdomBacteria
PhylumFirmicutes
ClassClostridia

16S gene copy number9-11
GenomesYes23

 In situOther
Filamentous1456
Hydrophobic cell surface


Morphology of strain SFC-5. A) Phase contrast micrograph; bar= 10 microns. B) Transmission electron micrograph of a thin section; bar = 1.0 micron. Note endospores (arrows a, b) - Source:4

Fermentation
Acetogen
Short-chain fatty acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Members of the genus Terrisporobacter are strictly anaerobic, fermenters 1. Various sugars 5 4 6, organic acids 5 4 and proteins 5 4 are utilized as substrates for growth. Acetate is the major end product of metabolism 1 4 6. Terrisporobacter mayombei is a H2/CO2, acetogenic bacterium 4. Sulfite is utilized as an alternative electron acceptor by T. petrolearius 6. In pure culture, cells are straight or slightly curved rods, occurring singly or in pairs 1 5 4 6. No in situ information is currently known for the genus in activated sludge.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Chemoautotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph13456
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction6
Sulfate Reduction56
Fermentation456
Acetogen4
Methanogen
Short-chain Fatty Acids45
Sugars456
Proteins/Amino Acids45

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent00.10.3
Activated Sludge00.10.2
Digester-Mesophilic0.20.30.5
Digester-Thermophilic0.10.20.4

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] Gerritsen, Fuentes, Grievink, van Niftrik, Tindall, Timmerman, et al. (2014): Characterization of Romboutsia ilealis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from the gastro-intestinal tract of a rat, and proposal for the reclassification of five closely related members of the genus Clostridium into the genera Romboutsia gen. nov., Intestinibacter gen. nov., Terrisporobacter gen. nov. and Asaccharospora gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64 (Pt 5): 1600-16. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.059543-0

[2] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 1505652 -

[3] Lund, Sydenham, Høgh, Skov, Kemp, Justesen, et al. (2015): Draft Genome Sequence of "Terrisporobacter othiniensis" Isolated from a Blood Culture from a Human Patient. Genome Announc 3 (2): . doi:10.1128/genomeA.00042-15

[4] Kane, M.D., Brauman, A., Breznak, J.A. (1991) Clostridium mayombei sp. Nov., an H2/CO2 acetogenic bacterium from the gut of the African soil-feeding termite, Cubitermes speciosus. Arch. Microbiol. 156(): 99-104. - Kane Et Al 1991docx -

[5] Chamkha, Labat, Patel, Garcia (2001): Isolation of a cinnamic acid-metabolizing Clostridium glycolicum strain from oil mill wastewaters and emendation of the species description. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 51 (Pt 6): 2049-54. doi:10.1099/00207713-51-6-2049

[6] Deng, Guo, Wang, He, Ma, Wang, et al. (2015): Terrisporobacter petrolearius sp. nov., isolated from an oilfield petroleum reservoir. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65 (10): 3522-6. doi:10.1099/ijsem.0.000450

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