BlautiaDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameBlautia
SourcePublished
Alternative namesClostridium coccoides, Streptococcus hansenii/Ruminococcus hansenii, Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus, Ruminococcus luti, Peptostreptococcus productus, Ruminococcus schinkii, *Ruminococcu
NCBI taxonomy ID572511

Taxonomy (MiDAS 2.0)

KingdomBacteria
PhylumFirmicutes
ClassClostridia
GenusBlautia

16S gene copy number1-5
GenomesYes4

 In situOther
Filamentous2356789101213
Hydrophobic cell surface


Light micrograph of isolate BInIXT grown in ST-medium for 12 h at 37 °C. - Source:5

Chemoautotroph/Mixotroph
Fermentation
Acetogen
Short-chain fatty acids
Sugars

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Strictly anaerobic, chemoorganotrophs with a fermentative metabolism 6. Sugars are mainly utilised as carbon sources for growth 6 7 3 1 5 8 2 9 10 11. Some species may utilise H2/CO2 as a major energy source and produce acetate 6 1 2. Cells of Blautia are cocci 12 to coccobacilli 6 10 9, which can occur singly, in pairs 1 and sometimes in short-long chains 7 5 8 2 13 3. No physiological information is known for the genus in activated sludge.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Chemoautotroph/Mixotroph126
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph12356789101213
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulfate Reduction
Fermentation123567810121314
Acetogen12
Methanogen
Short-chain Fatty Acids12313
Proteins/Amino Acids

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent0.84.37.9
Activated Sludge00.10.3
Digester-Mesophilic000
Digester-Thermophilic000.1

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] Bernalier, Willems, Leclerc, Rochet, Collins (1996): Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus sp. nov., a new H2/CO2-utilizing acetogenic bacterium isolated from human feces. Arch. Microbiol. 166(3): 176-83.

[2] Rieu-Lesme, Morvan, Collins, Fonty, Willems (1996): A new H2/CO2-using acetogenic bacterium from the rumen: description of Ruminococcus schinkii sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 140(2-3): 281-6. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6968.1996.tb08350.x

[3] Holdeman, L.V., and Moore, W.E.C. (1974) New Genus Coproccus, twelve new species, and emended descriptions of four previously described species of Bacteria from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 24(2): 260-277. - -

[4] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 572511 -

[5] Simmering, Taras, Schwiertz, Le Blay, Gruhl, Lawson, et al. (2002): Ruminococcus luti sp. nov., isolated from a human faecal sample. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 25(2): 189-93. doi:10.1078/0723-2020-00112

[6] Liu, Finegold, Song, Lawson (2008): Reclassification of Clostridium coccoides, Ruminococcus hansenii, Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus, Ruminococcus luti, Ruminococcus productus and Ruminococcus schinkii as Blautia coccoides gen. nov., comb. nov., Blautia hansenii comb. nov., Blautia hydrogenotrophica comb. nov., Blautia luti comb. nov., Blautia producta comb. nov., Blautia schinkii comb. nov. and description of Blautia wexlerae sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 58(Pt 8): 1896-902. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65208-0

[7] Kaneuchi, C., Benno, Y., Mitsuoka, T. (1976) Clostridium coccoides, a new species from the feces of mice. Int. J. Syst. Bacteril. 26(4): 482-486. - -

[8] Ezaki, Li, Hashimoto, Miura, Yamamoto (1994): 16S ribosomal DNA sequences of anaerobic cocci and proposal of Ruminococcus hansenii comb. nov. and Ruminococcus productus comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 44(1): 130-6. doi:10.1099/00207713-44-1-130

[9] Park, Kim, Bae (2013): Blautia faecis sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 63(Pt 2): 599-603. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.036541-0

[10] Furuya, Ide, Hamamoto, Asanuma, Hino (2010): Isolation of a novel bacterium, Blautia glucerasei sp. nov., hydrolyzing plant glucosylceramide to ceramide. Arch. Microbiol. 192(5): 365-72. doi:10.1007/s00203-010-0566-8

[11] Mayumi, Inui, Maetani, Yokoe, Sakamoto, Yoshida, et al. (2012): Validity of the urinary trypsinogen-2 test in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Pancreas 41(6): 869-75. doi:10.1097/MPA.0b013e3182480ab7

[12] Park, Kim, Roh, Bae (2012): Blautia stercoris sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 62(Pt 4): 776-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.031625-0

[13] Moore, W.E.C., Johnson, J.L., and Holdman, L.V. (1976) Emendation of Bacteroidaceae and Butyrivibrio and descriptions of Desulfomonas gen. nov. and ten new species in the genera Desulfomonas, Butyrivibrio, Eubacterium, Clostridium and Ruminococcus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 26(2): 238-252. - -

[14] Lawson, Finegold (2015): Reclassification of Ruminococcus obeum as Blautia obeum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65(Pt 3): 789-93. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.000015

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