Anaerostipes

Genus nameAnaerostipes
SourcePublished
Alternative namesEubacterium hadrum(Anaerostipes hadrus)
NCBI taxonomy ID207244

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria
PhylumFirmicutes
ClassClostridia

16S gene copy number2-4
GenomesYes12

 In situOther
Filamentous23456
Hydrophobic cell surface


Phase contrast image of strain 5/1/63FAA. Image was taken using a Leica DM750 microscope ?tted with a 100 oil objective, using the Leica Application Suite LAS EZ Version 1.7.0 software. - Source:3

Fermentation
Fatty acids
Sugars

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Strictly anaerobic, fermenters 4. Butyrate, acetate and lactate are major products of glucose fermentation 4. Acetate 4, propionate 5, lactate 3 6 and some sugars are utilized as sources of carbon and energy 4 5 3 6. Cells in pure culture form long 5 3 or curved 6 shaped rods, occuring singly 3 6 or in short chains of 2-5 cells 6 4. Filamentous forms have also been seen 5. No in situ information has been determined for the genus.

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FISH probes

Species-specific probes Acac194 and E.had579 specific for Anaerostipes caccae 7 and A. hadrus 8, respectively.

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph456
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation3456
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids23456
Sugars3456
Proteins/Amino Acids

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent0.311.9
Activated Sludge000.1
Digester-Mesophilic000
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 207244 -

[2] Kant, Rasinkangas, Satokari, Pietilä, Palva - Genome Sequence of the Butyrate-Producing Anaerobic Bacterium Anaerostipes hadrus PEL 85. - Genome Announc 3(2): . doi:10.1128/genomeA.00224-15

[3] Allen-Vercoe, Daigneault, White, Panaccione, Duncan, Flint, et al. - Anaerostipes hadrus comb. nov., a dominant species within the human colonic microbiota; reclassification of Eubacterium hadrum Moore et al. 1976. - Anaerobe 18(5): 523-9. doi:10.1016/j.anaerobe.2012.09.002

[4] Schwiertz, Hold, Duncan, Gruhl, Collins, Lawson, et al. - Anaerostipes caccae gen. nov., sp. nov., a new saccharolytic, acetate-utilising, butyrate-producing bacterium from human faeces. - Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 25(1): 46-51. doi:10.1078/0723-2020-00096

[5] Eeckhaut, Van Immerseel, Pasmans, De Brandt, Haesebrouck, Ducatelle, et al. - Anaerostipes butyraticus sp. nov., an anaerobic, butyrate-producing bacterium from Clostridium cluster XIVa isolated from broiler chicken caecal content, and emended description of the genus Anaerostipes. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60(Pt 5): 1108-12. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.015289-0

[6] Bui, de Vos, Plugge - Anaerostipes rhamnosivorans sp. nov., a human intestinal, butyrate-forming bacterium. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 3): 787-93. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.055061-0

[7] Hold, Schwiertz, Aminov, Blaut, Flint - Oligonucleotide probes that detect quantitatively significant groups of butyrate-producing bacteria in human feces. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69(7): 4320-4.

[8] Schwiertz, Le Blay, Blaut - Quantification of different Eubacterium spp. in human fecal samples with species-specific 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66(1): 375-82.

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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