AnaerostipesDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameAnaerostipes
SourcePublished
Alternative namesEubacterium hadrum(Anaerostipes hadrus)
NCBI taxonomy ID207244

Taxonomy (MiDAS 2.0)

KingdomBacteria
PhylumFirmicutes
ClassClostridia

16S gene copy number2-4
GenomesYes12

 In situOther
Filamentous23456
Hydrophobic cell surface


Phase contrast image of strain 5/1/63FAA. Image was taken using a Leica DM750 microscope fitted with a 100 oil objective, using the Leica Application Suite LAS EZ Version 1.7.0 software. - Source:3

Fermentation
Short-chain fatty acids
Sugars

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Strictly anaerobic, fermenters 4. Butyrate, acetate and lactate are major products of glucose fermentation 4. Acetate 4, propionate 5, lactate 3 6 and some sugars are utilized as sources of carbon and energy 4 5 3 6. Cells in pure culture form long 5 3 or curved 6 shaped rods, occuring singly 3 6 or in short chains of 2-5 cells 6 4. Filamentous forms have also been seen 5. This genus represents more than 2 % of total colonic microbiota in the healthy human colon and are capable of producing butyrate from acetic and lactic acids rather than from sugars 6. No in situ information has been determined for the genus.

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FISH probes

Species-specific probes Acac194 and E.had579 specific for Anaerostipes caccae 7 and A. hadrus 8, respectively.

Metabolism

 In situOther
Chemoautotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph456
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulfate Reduction
Fermentation3456
Acetogen
Methanogen
Short-chain Fatty Acids23456
Sugars3456
Proteins/Amino Acids

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent0.311.9
Activated Sludge000.1
Digester-Mesophilic000
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 207244 -

[2] Kant, Rasinkangas, Satokari, Pietilä, Palva (2015): Genome Sequence of the Butyrate-Producing Anaerobic Bacterium Anaerostipes hadrus PEL 85. Genome Announc 3 (2): . doi:10.1128/genomeA.00224-15

[3] Allen-Vercoe, Daigneault, White, Panaccione, Duncan, Flint, et al. (2012): Anaerostipes hadrus comb. nov., a dominant species within the human colonic microbiota; reclassification of Eubacterium hadrum Moore et al. 1976. Anaerobe 18 (5): 523-9. doi:10.1016/j.anaerobe.2012.09.002

[4] Schwiertz, Hold, Duncan, Gruhl, Collins, Lawson, et al. (2002): Anaerostipes caccae gen. nov., sp. nov., a new saccharolytic, acetate-utilising, butyrate-producing bacterium from human faeces. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 25 (1): 46-51. doi:10.1078/0723-2020-00096

[5] Eeckhaut, Van Immerseel, Pasmans, De Brandt, Haesebrouck, Ducatelle, et al. (2010): Anaerostipes butyraticus sp. nov., an anaerobic, butyrate-producing bacterium from Clostridium cluster XIVa isolated from broiler chicken caecal content, and emended description of the genus Anaerostipes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60 (Pt 5): 1108-12. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.015289-0

[6] Bui, de Vos, Plugge (2014): Anaerostipes rhamnosivorans sp. nov., a human intestinal, butyrate-forming bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64 (Pt 3): 787-93. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.055061-0

[7] Hold, Schwiertz, Aminov, Blaut, Flint (2003): Oligonucleotide probes that detect quantitatively significant groups of butyrate-producing bacteria in human feces. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69 (7): 4320-4.

[8] Schwiertz, Le Blay, Blaut (2000): Quantification of different Eubacterium spp. in human fecal samples with species-specific 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66 (1): 375-82.

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