Sedimentibacter

Genus nameSedimentibacter
SourcePublished
Alternative namesClostridium hydroxybenzoicum
NCBI taxonomy ID190972

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria
PhylumFirmicutes
ClassClostridia
FamilyFamily XI

16S gene copy number2
GenomesYes1

 In situOther
Filamentous235
Hydrophobic cell surface


Transmission electron micrographs of strain ZF2T, showing long ?laments (a) and a single ?agellated cell (b) present in a 20-h culture. Bars, 2.5 (a) and 1 (b) micron. - Source:2

Fermentation
Fatty acids
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Metabolism is strictly anaerobic and fermentative 2. Amino acids and pyruvate serve as main sources for growth 2. In S. saalensis, acetate and butyrate are products of pyruvate fermentation 2. Sugars are not fermented by members of the genus. In pure culture, cells are slightly curved rods 3 2 that occur singly, in pairs or in chains of up to 12 cells. Long filaments may also occur 2. No in situ information is known about the genus in activated sludge. In hexachlorocyclohexane polluted soil, Sedimentibacter demonstrates a suppotive role in co-culture with Dehalobacter, however its specific function in this relationship is unclear 4.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph235
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulphate Reduction35
Fermentation25
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids2
Sugars235
Proteins/Amino Acids235

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000
Activated Sludge000
Digester-Mesophilic00.10.8
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant InAD - Mesophilic

References

[1] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 190972 -

[2] Breitenstein, Wiegel, Haertig, Weiss, Andreesen, Lechner, et al. - Reclassification of Clostridium hydroxybenzoicum as Sedimentibacter hydroxybenzoicus gen. nov., comb. nov., and description of Sedimentibacter saalensis sp. nov.. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 52(Pt 3): 801-7. doi:10.1099/00207713-52-3-801

[3] - -

[4] van Doesburg, van Eekert, Middeldorp, Balk, Schraa, Stams, et al. - Reductive dechlorination of beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH) by a Dehalobacter species in coculture with a Sedimentibacter sp. - FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 54(1): 87-95. doi:10.1016/j.femsec.2005.03.003

[5] Zhang, Mandelco, Wiegel - Clostridium hydroxybenzoicum sp. nov., an amino acid-utilizing, hydroxybenzoate-decarboxylating bacterium isolated from methanogenic freshwater pond sediment. - Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 44(2): 214-22. doi:10.1099/00207713-44-2-214

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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