Clostridium sensu stricto 1Did we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameClostridium sensu stricto 1
SourcePublished
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID1485

Taxonomy (MiDAS 2.0)

KingdomBacteria
PhylumFirmicutes
ClassClostridia

16S gene copy number1-23
GenomesYes1

 In situOther
Filamentous3
Hydrophobic cell surface


Phase contrast micrograph of strain DSM 14206. Vegetative cells grown on agar plates are shown. Bar, 10 microns. - Source:2

Chemoautotroph/Mixotroph
Fermentation
Short-chain fatty acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Mostly strictly anaerobic, fermenting bacteria 3 45. They have the ability to sporulate. Cells appear as straight-slightly curved rods, occurring singly, in pairs or short chains and occasionally as long filaments. One of the important anaerobes in the human gut. They may metabolize various compounds such as carbohydrates, amino acids, alcohols and purines 3 5. Butyric acid is a 'genus specific' product of fermentation 4. Varying concentrations of acetic acid, lactic acid and/or ethanol, propanol or butanol are also formed as fermentation products 4. The in situ physiology of Clostridium sensu stricto 1 has not been determined in activated sludge.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Chemoautotroph/Mixotroph3
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph3
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulfate Reduction3
Fermentation3
Acetogen
Methanogen
Short-chain Fatty Acids3
Sugars3
Proteins/Amino Acids3

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent0.41.11.8
Activated Sludge0.30.51
Digester-Mesophilic0.81.42.6
Digester-Thermophilic0.71.11.9

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 1485 -

[2] Spring, Merkhoffer, Weiss, Kroppenstedt, Hippe, Stackebrandt, et al. (2003): Characterization of novel psychrophilic clostridia from an Antarctic microbial mat: description of Clostridium frigoris sp. nov., Clostridium lacusfryxellense sp. nov., Clostridium bowmanii sp. nov. and Clostridium psychrophilum sp. nov. and reclassification of Clostridium laramiense as Clostridium estertheticum subsp. laramiense subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 53 (Pt 4): 1019-29. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02554-0

[3] Schleifer, K.H. (2009) Phylum XIII: Firmicutes Gibbons and Murray 1978, 5 (Firmicutes [sic] Gibbons and Murray 1978, 5). In: De Vos, P., Garrity, G.M., Jones, D., Kreig, N.R., Ludvig, W., Rainey, F.A., Schleifer, K-H., Whitman, W.B. Bergey's manual of systemmatic bacteriology: The Firmicutes. Vol 3. Springer, New York, U.S. - Rainey Et Al 2009 -

[4] Wiegel, J., Tanner, R., Rainey, F.A. (2006) In: M. Dworkin., S. Falkow., E. Rosenberg., K-H, Schleifer., E. Stackebrandt. The Prokaryotes Volume 4. Bacteria: Firmicutes, Cyanobacteria. An Introduction to the family Clostridiaceae. Pp 654-678. Springer, U.S. - Wiegal Et Al 2006 -

[5] Alou, Ndongo, Frégère, Labas, Andrieu, Richez, et al. (2018): Taxonogenomic description of four new species isolated from human gut: , , and . New Microbes New Infect 21 (): 128-139. doi:10.1016/j.nmni.2017.11.003

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