Clostridium sensu stricto 1

Genus nameClostridium sensu stricto 1
SourcePublished
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID1485

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria
PhylumFirmicutes
ClassClostridia

16S gene copy number
GenomesYes1

 In situOther
Filamentous3
Hydrophobic cell surface


Phase contrast micrograph of strain DSM 14206. Vegetative cells grown on agar plates are shown. Bar, 10 microns. - Source:2

Autotroph/Mixotroph
Fermentation
Fatty acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Strictly anaerobic, fermenting bacteria 3 4. Cells appear as straight-slightly curved rods, occurring singly, in pairs or short chains and occasionally as long filaments 3. Butyric acid is a 'genus specific' product of fermentation 4. Varying concentrations of acetic acid, lactic acid and/or ethanol, propanol or butanol are also formed as fermentation products 4. The in situ physiology of Clostridium sensu stricto 1 has not been determined in activated sludge.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph3
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph3
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulphate Reduction3
Fermentation3
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids3
Sugars3
Proteins/Amino Acids3

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent0.41.11.8
Activated Sludge0.30.51
Digester-Mesophilic0.81.42.6
Digester-Thermophilic0.71.11.9

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 1485 -

[2] Spring, Merkhoffer, Weiss, Kroppenstedt, Hippe, Stackebrandt, et al. - Characterization of novel psychrophilic clostridia from an Antarctic microbial mat: description of Clostridium frigoris sp. nov., Clostridium lacusfryxellense sp. nov., Clostridium bowmanii sp. nov. and Clostridium psychrophilum sp. nov. and reclassification of Clostridium laramiense as Clostridium estertheticum subsp. laramiense subsp. nov. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 53(Pt 4): 1019-29. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02554-0

[3] Schleifer, K.H. (2009) Phylum XIII: Firmicutes Gibbons and Murray 1978, 5 (Firmicutes [sic] Gibbons and Murray 1978, 5). In: De Vos, P., Garrity, G.M., Jones, D., Kreig, N.R., Ludvig, W., Rainey, F.A., Schleifer, K-H., Whitman, W.B. Bergey's manual of systemmatic bacteriology: The Firmicutes. Vol 3. Springer, New York, U.S. - Rainey Et Al 2009 -

[4] Wiegel, J., Tanner, R., Rainey, F.A. (2006) In: M. Dworkin., S. Falkow., E. Rosenberg., K-H, Schleifer., E. Stackebrandt. The Prokaryotes Volume 4. Bacteria: Firmicutes, Cyanobacteria. An Introduction to the family Clostridiaceae. Pp 654-678. Springer, U.S. - Wiegal Et Al 2006 -

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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