Candidatus Epiflobacter

Genus nameCandidatus Epiflobacter
SourcePublished
Alternative names

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria

16S gene copy number-
GenomesNo

 In situOther
Filamentous1
Hydrophobic cell surface


FISH image of activated sludge after color combination showing Bacteria hybridized with EUBmix (Cy5 labeled, set as green) as cells labeled with different colors. Epiflora hybridized with Bac111 (FLUOS labeled, set as blue) as cyan-labeled cells (mixture of green and blue, indicated by arrows b), and epiflora hybridized with EpiMix (Cy3 labeled, set as red) as purple-labeled cells (mixture of blue, red, and green, indicated by arrows a). Scale bar represents 10 microns. - Source:1

Aerobic heterotroph
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

"Ca. Epiflobacter" grow as rods attached to filamentous organisms. They are likely involved in protein degradation with surface-linked protease activity and aerobic uptake of amino acids shown in situ 1.

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Diversity

3 FISH probe defined sub-groups in activated sludge 1

FISH probes

Cluster 1 = Epi993A; Cluster 2 = Epi993B; Cluster 3 = Epi1004; All = Epi741 1

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph1
PAO1
GAO1
Nitrite Reduction1
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation1
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids1
Sugars1
Proteins/Amino Acids1

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000.1
Activated Sludge0.30.71.6
Digester-Mesophilic00.10.3
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant InActivated sludge

References

[1] Xia, Kong, Thomsen, Halkjaer Nielsen - Identification and ecophysiological characterization of epiphytic protein-hydrolyzing saprospiraceae ("Candidatus Epiflobacter" spp.) in activated sludge. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74(7): 2229-38. doi:10.1128/AEM.02502-07

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The online MiDAS field guide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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