Cloacibacterium

Genus nameCloacibacterium
SourcePublished
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID501783

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria

16S gene copy number-
GenomesNo

 In situOther
Filamentous234
Hydrophobic cell surface


Aerobic heterotroph
Fermentation
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Members of the genus are facultative anaerobes which ferment and utilise various sugars for growth; including d-glucose, d-ribose, d-mannose, L-arabinose, cellobiose, lactose, maltose, sucrose, d-galactose and starch 2 3. Hydrolysis of starch, aesculin and gelatin is possible by all species in the genus 4 2 3. Cells of Cloacibacterium are pleomorphic rods 4 which may occur singly, in pairs or in long chains 3. Producers of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in pure culture 5 1 6.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph234
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction2
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation24
Acetogen
Methanogen7
Fatty Acids2
Sugars234
Proteins/Amino Acids2

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent00.22
Activated Sludge000.1
Digester-Mesophilic000
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] Nouha, K., Hoang, N.V., Yan Song., Tyagi, R.D., Surampalli, R.Y. (2015) Characterisation of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) produced by Cloacibacterium normanense isolated from wastewater sludge for sludge settling and dewatering. J. Civil. Environ. Eng. 5(6). - Nouha Et Al 2015 -

[2] Hyun, Shin, Kim, Kim, Kim, Oh, et al. - Cloacibacterium haliotis sp. nov., isolated from the gut of an abalone, Haliotis discus hannai. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 1): 72-7. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.054585-0

[3] Cao, Deng, Li, Dong, Yuan - Cloacibacterium rupense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater lake sediment. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60(Pt 9): 2023-6. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.017681-0

[4] Allen, Lawson, Collins, Falsen, Tanner - Cloacibacterium normanense gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel bacterium in the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from municipal wastewater. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56(Pt 6): 1311-6. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64218-0

[5] Nouha, Kumar, Tyagi - Heavy metals removal from wastewater using extracellular polymeric substances produced by Cloacibacterium normanense in wastewater sludge supplemented with crude glycerol and study of extracellular polymeric substances extraction by different methods. - Bioresour. Technol. 212(): 120-9. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2016.04.021

[6] Nouha, K., Yan, S., Tyagi, R.D., and Surampalli, R.Y. (2015) EPS producing microorganisms from municipal wastewater activated sludge. J. Pet. Environ. Biotechnol. 7(1). - Nouha Et Al 2015 -

[7] Maspolim, Zhou, Guo, Xiao, Ng - Comparison of single-stage and two-phase anaerobic sludge digestion systems - Performance and microbial community dynamics. - Chemosphere 140(): 54-62. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.07.028

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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