Prevotella

Genus namePrevotella
SourcePublished
Alternative namesA number of species previously belonging to the genus Bacteroides have been transferred to Prevotella
NCBI taxonomy ID838

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria
GenusPrevotella

16S gene copy number3-5
GenomesYes2

 In situOther
Filamentous34
Hydrophobic cell surface1


Scanning electron micrograph of P. multisaccharivorax PPPA20T - Source:3

Fermentation
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Moderately saccharolytic, carbohydrate fermenters, which grow under anaerobic conditions. Major products of glucose fermentation are succinate and acetate. Proteolytic activity is variable among species, and fumerate may be used as an alternative electron acceptor. Cells appear as short rods or coccobacilli in pure culture, which can occur singly or in pairs 4 and sometimes in long filaments 3. No in situ information has been determined for Prevotella in activated sludge.

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FISH probes

BAC303 (targets the genera Prevotella and Bacteroides within the Bacteroides group) 5

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph4
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation4
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids
Sugars4
Proteins/Amino Acids4

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000
Activated Sludge000
Digester-Mesophilic000
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant In-

References

[1] - -

[2] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 838 -

[3] Pati, Gronow, Lu, Lapidus, Nolan, Lucas, et al. - Non-contiguous finished genome sequence of the opportunistic oral pathogen Prevotella multisaccharivorax type strain (PPPA20). - Stand Genomic Sci 5(1): 41-9. doi:10.4056/sigs.2164949

[4] - -

[5] Manz, Amann, Ludwig, Vancanneyt, Schleifer - Application of a suite of 16S rRNA-specific oligonucleotide probes designed to investigate bacteria of the phylum cytophaga-flavobacter-bacteroides in the natural environment. - Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) 142 ( Pt 5)(): 1097-106. doi:10.1099/13500872-142-5-1097

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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