Tessaracoccus

Genus nameTessaracoccus
SourcePublished
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID72763

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria

16S gene copy number1
GenomesYes1

 In situOther
Filamentous23456
Hydrophobic cell surface


Light micrograph of strain Ben 106T following Gram staining. Bar = 10 microns. - Source:2

Aerobic heterotroph
Fermentation
Fatty acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Facultative anaerobes. Tessaracoccus lubricantis and T. bendigoensis are chemoorganotrophic. The latter bacterium accumulates polyphosphate, suggesting a possible role in phosphate removal 2. No in situ data has been determined for this genus. In pure culture the cells are cocci or clusters of cocci arranged in regular tetrads, morphologically resembling the 'G-bacteria' 2. They may also occur as oval to rod shaped 3 4 5 6, appearing singly, in pairs or in small groups 5 6.

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Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph23456
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation56
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids234
Sugars23456
Proteins/Amino Acids2

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent0.10.41
Activated Sludge0.10.40.9
Digester-Mesophilic0.10.20.5
Digester-Thermophilic0.20.41.4

Predominant InInfluent

References

[1] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 72763 -

[2] Maszenan, Seviour, Patel, Schumann, Rees - Tessaracoccus bendigoensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a gram-positive coccus occurring in regular packages or tetrads, isolated from activated sludge biomass. - Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 49 Pt 2(): 459-68. doi:10.1099/00207713-49-2-459

[3] Kämpfer, Lodders, Warfolomeow, Busse - Tessaracoccus lubricantis sp. nov., isolated from a metalworking fluid. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 59(Pt 6): 1545-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.006841-0

[4] Cai, Wang, Cai, Li, Wang, Tang, et al. - Salinarimonas ramus sp. nov. and Tessaracoccus oleiagri sp. nov., isolated from a crude oil-contaminated saline soil. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 61(Pt 8): 1767-75. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.025932-0

[5] Puente-Sánchez, Sánchez-Román, Amils, Parro - Tessaracoccus lapidicaptus sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from the deep subsurface of the Iberian pyrite belt. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 10): 3546-52. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.060038-0

[6] Lee, Lee - Tessaracoccus flavescens sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 58(Pt 4): 785-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64868-0

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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