Propionicimonas

Genus namePropionicimonas
SourcePublished
Alternative namesMiDAS classification includes Propionicicella; Propionate-producing Actinobacteria group [14657135].
NCBI taxonomy ID236052

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria

16S gene copy number1
GenomesYes2

 In situOther
Filamentous134
Hydrophobic cell surface


FISH image showing Propionicimonas (probe Pro60). Red/yellow microcolonies and cells are an overlay of red and green fluorescence images (specific probes in red and the bacterial probes EUBmixture in green). Bar= 10 microns. - Source:1

Aerobic heterotroph
Fermentation
Fatty acids
Sugars

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Propionicimonas are relatively abundant glucose fermenters in activated sludge 1. Cells are pleomorphic rods, often slightly curved. The sole isolate P. paludicola is a facultative anaerobe 3. MiDAS classification includes the genus Propionicicella. The sole member of the genus shares common physiological traits with Propionicimonas, as members of both genera are facultative anaerobes and produce propionate as a product of anaerobic glucose fermentation 4. The sole isolate of Propionicicella has regular rod shaped cells.

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FISH probes

Pro60 1

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph3
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation134
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids4
Sugars134
Proteins/Amino Acids

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000.1
Activated Sludge00.53.3
Digester-Mesophilic00.10.6
Digester-Thermophilic0.20.73

Predominant InActivated sludge

References

[1] Nielsen, Nguyen, Meyer, Nielsen - Identification of glucose-fermenting bacteria in a full-scale enhanced biological phosphorus removal plant by stable isotope probing. - Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) 158(Pt 7): 1818-25. doi:10.1099/mic.0.058818-0

[2] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 348581 -

[3] Akasaka, Ueki, Hanada, Kamagata, Ueki - Propionicimonas paludicola gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel facultatively anaerobic, Gram-positive, propionate-producing bacterium isolated from plant residue in irrigated rice-field soil. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 53(Pt 6): 1991-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02764-0

[4] Bae, Moe, Yan, Tiago, da Costa, Rainey, et al. - Propionicicella superfundia gen. nov., sp. nov., a chlorosolvent-tolerant propionate-forming, facultative anaerobic bacterium isolated from contaminated groundwater. - Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 29(5): 404-13. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2005.11.004

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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