NocardioidesDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameNocardioides
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID1839

Taxonomy (MiDAS 2.0)


16S gene copy number1-6

 In situOther
Hydrophobic cell surface7

Scanning electron micrographs of Nocardioides koreensis MSL-09T grown on R2A agar. Bar = 2 microns. - Source:4

Aerobic heterotroph
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed


The genus Nocardioides are nocardioform actinomycetes, which are morphologically heterogenous. In young cultures cells of the genus are often irregular short rods, in some species branched vegetative hyphae can also be observed 56. Rod-cocci morphogenesis can occur in some spp. where coccoid cells or short rods develop into rods or short filaments 6. If mycelia occur, the vegetative and aerial hyphae also undergo various degree of fragmentation 6. Nocardioides are aerobic, chemoorganotrophs which can also grow chemolithotrophically 6. Some Nocardioides species are able to degrade complex substrates including common toxic environmental pollutants and aromatic compounds 6. The in situ physiology of the genus in activated sludge has not been determined.

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 In situOther
Aerobic Heterotroph6
Nitrite Reduction
Sulfate Reduction
Short-chain Fatty Acids
Proteins/Amino Acids5

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Activated Sludge0.10.30.9

Predominant InActivated sludge


[1] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 1839 -

[2] Kimbrel, Chang, Arp, Sayavedra-Soto (2013): The Draft Genome Sequence of Nocardioides sp. Strain CF8 Reveals the Scope of Its Metabolic Capabilities. Genome Announc 1 (4): . doi:10.1128/genomeA.00439-13

[3] Coleman, Wilson, Barry, Brettin, Bruce, Copeland, et al. (2011): Genome Sequence of the ethene- and vinyl chloride-oxidizing actinomycete Nocardioides sp. strain JS614. J. Bacteriol. 193 (13): 3399-400. doi:10.1128/JB.05109-11

[4] Dastager, Lee, Ju, Park, Kim (2008): Nocardioides koreensis sp. nov., Nocardioides bigeumensis sp. nov. and Nocardioides agariphilus sp. nov., isolated from soil from Bigeum Island, Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 58 (Pt 10): 2292-6. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65566-0

[5] Yoon, J-H., and Park, Y-H. (2006) The genus Nocardioides. In: Dworkin, M., Falkow, S., Rosenberg, E., Schleifer, K-H., and Stackebrandt, E. (eds). The Prokaryotes. pp 1099-1113. Springer, New York. - Yoon And Park 2006 -

[6] Toth, E.M., and Borsodi, A.K. (2014) The family Nocardioidaceae. In: Rosenberg, E., DeLong, E.F., Lory, S., Stackebrandt, E., and Thompsen, F. (eds). The Prokaryotes: Actinobacteria. pp 651-694. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. - Toth And Borsodi 2014 -

[7] Vasileva-Tonkova, E., and Gesheva, V. (2005) Glycolipids produced by Antarctic Nocardioides sp. during growth on n-paraffin. Process Biochemistry. 40(7): 2387-2391. - Vasileva Et Al 2005 -

[8] Choi, Kim, Noh, Cho (2007): Nocardioides marinus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 57 (Pt 4): 775-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64649-0

[9] Liu, Xin, Liu, Zhou, Wen (2013): Nocardioides szechwanensis sp. nov. and Nocardioides psychrotolerans sp. nov., isolated from a glacier. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 63 (Pt 1): 129-33. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.038091-0

[10] Lee, Lee (2014): Nocardioides rubroscoriae sp. nov., isolated from volcanic ash. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 105 (6): 1017-23. doi:10.1007/s10482-014-0161-0

[11] Kim, Choi, Hwang, Cho (2008): Nocardioides salarius sp. nov., isolated from seawater enriched with zooplankton. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 58 (Pt 9): 2056-64. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65569-0

[12] Zhang, Liu, Liu (2009): Nocardioides terrae sp. nov., isolated from forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 59 (Pt 10): 2444-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.010785-0

[13] Lee, Lee, Yoon, Lee (2011): Nocardioides ultimimeridianus sp. nov. and Nocardioides maradonensis sp. nov., isolated from rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 61 (Pt 8): 1933-7. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.022715-0

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