Skermania

Genus nameSkermania
SourcePublished
Alternative namesNocadia piniformis; Pine-tree-like organisms (PTLO)
NCBI taxonomy ID59613

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria
FamilyNocardiaceae
GenusSkermania

16S gene copy number-
GenomesNo

 In situOther
Filamentous1234
Hydrophobic cell surface25


Phase contrast micrograph of Skermania in a full-scale foaming sample. - Source:2

Aerobic heterotroph
Nitrite reduction
Fatty acids
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Skermania are aerobic heterotrophs with branched filamentous morphology. They are implicated in foam formation 2. Some may reduce nitrate or nitrite; consuming long chain fatty acids, glycerol (lipids) and sometimes acetate and propionate in situ 2.

Show full entry

FISH probes

Spin1449 2

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph1264
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction6
Sulphate Reduction7
Fermentation
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids12634
Sugars12634
Proteins/Amino Acids12634

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000
Activated Sludge000
Digester-Mesophilic000
Digester-Thermophilic000

Predominant InActivated sludge

References

[1] Kragelund, Remesova, Nielsen, Thomsen, Eales, Seviour, et al. - Ecophysiology of mycolic acid-containing Actinobacteria (Mycolata) in activated sludge foams. - FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 61(1): 174-84. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2007.00324.x

[2] Eales, Nielsen, Seviour, Nielsen, Seviour - The in situ physiology of Skermania piniformis in foams in Australian activated sludge plants. - Environ. Microbiol. 8(10): 1712-20. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01107.x

[3] Sodell, Seviour - Numerical taxonomy of Skermania piniformis and related isolates from activated sludge. - J. Appl. Microbiol. 84(2): 272-84.

[4] Chun, Blackall, Kang, Hah, Goodfellow - A proposal to reclassify Nocardia pinensis Blackall et al. as Skermania piniformis gen. nov., comb. nov. - Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 47(1): 127-31. doi:10.1099/00207713-47-1-127

[5] Soddell J and Seviour RJ (1996) Growth of an activated sludge foam-forming bacterium, Nocardia pinensis, on hydrophobic substrates. Water Sci. Technol. 34(5-6) 113-118 - Soddel And Seviour 1996 -

[6] Eales, K., Nielsen, J.L., Kragelund, C., Seviour, R., and Nielsen, P.H. (2005) The in situ physiology of pine tree-like organisms (PTLO) in activated sludge foams. Acta. Hydrochim. Hydrobiol. 33(3): 203-209. - Eales Et Al 2005 -

[7] Ginard, Lalucat, Tümmler, Römling - Genome organization of Pseudomonas stutzeri and resulting taxonomic and evolutionary considerations. - Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 47(1): 132-43. doi:10.1099/00207713-47-1-132

Hide details

comments powered by Disqus

The online MiDAS field guide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

Contact us at mail@midasfieldguide.org