Gordonia

Genus nameGordonia
SourcePublished
Alternative namesGordonia amarae-like organisms (GALO); "Nocardia amarae"; Gordona
NCBI taxonomy ID2053

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria
FamilyNocardiaceae
GenusGordonia

16S gene copy number2-3
GenomesYes2

 In situOther
Filamentous458
Hydrophobic cell surface41


Aerobic heterotroph
Nitrite reduction
Fatty acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

In activated sludge,Gordonia are branched filaments implicated in foam formation 3. They are aerobic heterotrophs. Some may reduce nitrate or nitrite, consuming long chain fatty acids, glycerol (lipids), acetate, propionate and sometimes glucose 4 5.

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FISH probes

Gor596 6; G.am205 (G. Amarae species specific probe) 7

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph459
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction5
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids459
Sugars459
Proteins/Amino Acids49

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000.2
Activated Sludge00.31.3
Digester-Mesophilic00.30.8
Digester-Thermophilic0.10.51

Predominant InActivated sludge

References

[1] Petrovski, Dyson, Quill, McIlroy, Tillett, Seviour, et al. - An examination of the mechanisms for stable foam formation in activated sludge systems. - Water Res. 45(5): 2146-54. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2010.12.026

[2] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 2053 -

[3] Seviour R.J. & Nielsen P.H. (2010) Microbial Ecology of Activated Sludge. IWA Publishing. London, UK. - Seviour Nielsen -

[4] Kragelund, Remesova, Nielsen, Thomsen, Eales, Seviour, et al. - Ecophysiology of mycolic acid-containing Actinobacteria (Mycolata) in activated sludge foams. - FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 61(1): 174-84. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2007.00324.x

[5] Carr, Eales, Seviour - Substrate uptake by Gordonia amarae in activated sludge foams by FISH-MAR. - Water Sci. Technol. 54(1): 39-45.

[6] de los Reyes, Ritter, Raskin - Group-specific small-subunit rRNA hybridization probes to characterize filamentous foaming in activated sludge systems. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63(3): 1107-17.

[7] de los Reyes, de los Reyes, Hernandez, Raskin - Quantification of Gordona amarae strains in foaming activated sludge and anaerobic digester systems with oligonucleotide hybridization probes. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64(7): 2503-12.

[8] Goodfellow, M. (2014) The family Nocardiaceae. In: E. Rosenberg., E.F. DeLong., S. Lory., E. Stackebrandt., and F. Thomspson. (Eds). The Prokaryotes: Actinobacteria, pp595-650. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. - Goodfellow 2014 -

[9] Goodfellow, Chun, Stubbs, Tobili - Transfer of Nocardia amarae Lechevalier and Lechevalier 1974 to the genus Gordona as Gordona amarae comb. nov. - Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 19(6): 401-5.

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The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the Silva database and is redistributed for non-commercial use only.

 

Citing MiDAS: McIlroy S.J., Saunders A.M., Albertsen M., Nierychlo M., McIlroy B., Hansen A.A., Karst S.M., Nielsen J.L., Nielsen P.H. (2015) MiDAS: the field guide to the microbes of activated sludge. Database, Vol. 2015

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