MycobacteriumDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameMycobacterium
SourcePublished
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID1763

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria

16S gene copy number1-2
GenomesYes2

 In situOther
Filamentous456
Hydrophobic cell surface1


Scanning electron micrograph of Mycobacterium tuberculosis - Source:3

Autotroph/Mixotroph
Aerobic heterotroph
Fatty acids
Sugars

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Mycobacteria are aerobic actinomycetes 4 that are widespread in the environment 5. They possess the mycolata morphotype and usually form slightly curved or straight rods 4, which can appear in chains or as individual cells 5. Mycobacterium are often involved in foaming events 6. While they are heterotrophs some strains are able to grow autotrophically 4. Mycobacteria are metabolically versatile organisms, as they are able to grow on a variety of carbohydrates, alcohols, organic acids, hydrocarbons 4, ketones and carboxylic acids 7.

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FISH probes

Myc657 8

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph4
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph45
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids45
Sugars845
Proteins/Amino Acids

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000.1
Activated Sludge00.10.4
Digester-Mesophilic00.10.3
Digester-Thermophilic00.10.4

Predominant InActivated sludge

References

[1] Petrovski, Dyson, Quill, McIlroy, Tillett, Seviour, et al. - An examination of the mechanisms for stable foam formation in activated sludge systems. - Water Res. 45(5): 2146-54. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2010.12.026

[2] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 1763 -

[3] - Wikimedia -

[4] Hartmans, S., De Bont, J.A.M., and Stackebrandt, E. (2006) The genus Mycobacterium- Nonmedical. In: The Prokaryotes. 3: 889-918. - Hartmans Et Al 2006 -

[5] Lory, S. (2014) The family Mycobactericeae. In: E, Rosenberg., E.F. De Long., S. Lory., E. Stackebrandt., and F. Thompson. The Prokaryotes: Actinobacteria, pp 571-575. Heidelberg, Berlin, Springer. - Lory 2014 -

[6] Nielsen PH, Daims H, and Lemmer, H (2009) FISH Handbook for Biological Wastewater Treatment: Identification and quantification of microorganisms in activated sludge and biofilms by FISH. IWA Publishing Company - Nielsen Et Al 2009 -

[7] Cole, Brosch, Parkhill, Garnier, Churcher, Harris, et al. - Deciphering the biology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from the complete genome sequence. - Nature 393(6685): 537-44. doi:10.1038/31159

[8] Davenport, Curtis, Goodfellow, Stainsby, Bingley - Quantitative use of fluorescent in situ hybridization to examine relationships between mycolic acid-containing actinomycetes and foaming in activated sludge plants. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66(3): 1158-66.

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