Dietzia

Genus nameDietzia
SourcePublished
Alternative namesRhodococcus spp.
NCBI taxonomy ID37914

Taxonomy

KingdomBacteria
FamilyDietziaceae
GenusDietzia

16S gene copy number1-3
GenomesYes1234

 In situOther
Filamentous8911
Hydrophobic cell surface12


Negative staining transmission electron microscopy image. The septa in the middle plane of each cell can be seen (arrows). Bar = 1 micron. - Source:5

Aerobic heterotroph
Nitrite reduction
Fatty acids
Sugars
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Dietzia are aerobic, chemoorganotrophs 6 7 8, which have been implicated in foaming 9 10. Their in situ physiology in activated sludge has not been studied.

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FISH probes

DIE993 9

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph106111314151617181920
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction7
Sulphate Reduction
Fermentation
Acetogen
Methanogen
Fatty Acids811151921
Proteins/Amino Acids111821

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000.1
Activated Sludge00.10.5
Digester-Mesophilic000.2
Digester-Thermophilic0.10.31

Predominant InActivated sludge

References

[1] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 37914 -

[2] Diep, Lang, Darling, Eisen, Coil - Draft Genome Sequence of Dietzia sp. Strain UCD-THP (Phylum Actinobacteria). - Genome Announc 1(3): . doi:10.1128/genomeA.00197-13

[3] Kim, Roh, Bae - Draft genome sequence of Dietzia alimentaria 72T, belonging to the family Dietziaceae, isolated from a traditional Korean food. - J. Bacteriol. 193(23): 6791. doi:10.1128/JB.06229-11

[4] Procópio, Alvarez, Jurelevicius, Hansen, Sørensen, Cardoso, et al. - Insight from the draft genome of Dietzia cinnamea P4 reveals mechanisms of survival in complex tropical soil habitats and biotechnology potential. - Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 101(2): 289-302. doi:10.1007/s10482-011-9633-7

[5] von der Weid, Marques, Cunha, Lippi, Dos Santos, Rosado, et al. - Identification and biodegradation potential of a novel strain of Dietzia cinnamea isolated from a petroleum-contaminated tropical soil. - Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 30(4): 331-9. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2006.11.001

[6] Rainey, Klatte, Kroppenstedt, Stackebrandt - Dietzia, a new genus including Dietzia maris comb. nov., formerly Rhodococcus maris. - Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 45(1): 32-6. doi:10.1099/00207713-45-1-32

[7] Koerner, Goodfellow, Jones - The genus Dietzia: a new home for some known and emerging opportunist pathogens. - FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 55(3): 296-305. doi:10.1111/j.1574-695X.2008.00513.x

[8] Gharibzahedi, S.M.T. & Razavi S.H. & Mousavi, S.M. (2014) Characterization of bacteria of the genus Dietzia: an updated review. Ann Microbiol (2014) 64:1–11. - Gharibzahedi 2014 -

[9] Muller E. (2006). Bacteria and extracellular polymeric substances in activated sludge and scum formation. PhD thesis. TU Munich, Germany. - Muller Phd 2006 -

[10] Schuppler, Wagner, Schön, Göbel - In situ identification of nocardioform actinomycetes in activated sludge using fluorescent rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. - Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) 144 ( Pt 1)(): 249-59. doi:10.1099/00221287-144-1-249

[11] Duckworth, Grant, Grant, Jones, Meijer - Dietzia natronolimnaios sp. nov., a new member of the genus Dietzia isolated from an east African soda lake. - Extremophiles 2(3): 359-66.

[12] Petrovski, Dyson, Quill, McIlroy, Tillett, Seviour, et al. - An examination of the mechanisms for stable foam formation in activated sludge systems. - Water Res. 45(5): 2146-54. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2010.12.026

[13] Kämpfer, Langer, Martin, Jäckel, Busse - Dietzia aerolata sp. nov., isolated from the air of a duck barn, and emended description of the genus Dietzia Rainey et al. 1995. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60(Pt 2): 393-6. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.012807-0

[14] Li, Zhao, Zhang, Klenk, Pukall, Qin, et al. - Dietzia schimae sp. nov. and Dietzia cercidiphylli sp. nov., from surface-sterilized plant tissues. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 58(Pt 11): 2549-54. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.2008/000919-0

[15] Yassin, Hupfer, Schaal - Dietzia cinnamea sp. nov., a novel species isolated from a perianal swab of a patient with a bone marrow transplant. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56(Pt 3): 641-5. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63863-0

[16] Mayilraj, Suresh, Kroppenstedt, Saini - Dietzia kunjamensis sp. nov., isolated from the Indian Himalayas. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56(Pt 7): 1667-71. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64212-0

[17] Li, Chen, Zhao, Klenk, Pukall, Zhang, et al. - Description of Dietzia lutea sp. nov., isolated from a desert soil in Egypt. - Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 32(2): 118-23. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2008.11.007

[18] Jones, Koerner, Natarajan, Perry, Goodfellow - Dietzia papillomatosis sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from the skin of an immunocompetent patient with confluent and reticulated papillomatosis. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 58(Pt 1): 68-72. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65178-0

[19] Yumoto, Nakamura, Iwata, Kojima, Kusumoto, Nodasaka, et al. - Dietzia psychralcaliphila sp. nov., a novel, facultatively psychrophilic alkaliphile that grows on hydrocarbons. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 52(Pt 1): 85-90. doi:10.1099/00207713-52-1-85

[20] Yamamura, Lisdiyanti, Ridwan, Ratnakomala, Sarawati, Lestari, et al. - Dietzia timorensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60(Pt 2): 451-4. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.012229-0

[21] Kämpfer, Falsen, Frischmann, Busse - Dietzia aurantiaca sp. nov., isolated from a human clinical specimen. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 62(Pt 3): 484-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.032557-0

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