DietziaDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameDietzia
Alternative namesRhodococcus spp.
NCBI taxonomy ID37914

Taxonomy (MiDAS 2.0)


16S gene copy number1-3

 In situOther
Hydrophobic cell surface12

Negative staining transmission electron microscopy image. The septa in the middle plane of each cell can be seen (arrows). Bar = 1 micron. - Source:5

Aerobic heterotroph
Nitrite reduction
Short-chain fatty acids
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed


Dietzia are aerobic, chemoorganotrophs 6 7 8, which have been implicated in foaming 9 10. Their in situ physiology in activated sludge has not been studied.

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FISH probes

DIE993 9


 In situOther
Aerobic Heterotroph106111314151617181920
Nitrite Reduction7
Sulfate Reduction
Short-chain Fatty Acids811151921
Proteins/Amino Acids111821

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Activated Sludge00.10.5

Predominant InActivated sludge


[1] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 37914 -

[2] Diep, Lang, Darling, Eisen, Coil (2013): Draft Genome Sequence of Dietzia sp. Strain UCD-THP (Phylum Actinobacteria). Genome Announc 1 (3): . doi:10.1128/genomeA.00197-13

[3] Kim, Roh, Bae (2011): Draft genome sequence of Dietzia alimentaria 72T, belonging to the family Dietziaceae, isolated from a traditional Korean food. J. Bacteriol. 193 (23): 6791. doi:10.1128/JB.06229-11

[4] Procópio, Alvarez, Jurelevicius, Hansen, Sørensen, Cardoso, et al. (2012): Insight from the draft genome of Dietzia cinnamea P4 reveals mechanisms of survival in complex tropical soil habitats and biotechnology potential. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 101 (2): 289-302. doi:10.1007/s10482-011-9633-7

[5] von der Weid, Marques, Cunha, Lippi, Dos Santos, Rosado, et al. (2007): Identification and biodegradation potential of a novel strain of Dietzia cinnamea isolated from a petroleum-contaminated tropical soil. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 30 (4): 331-9. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2006.11.001

[6] Rainey, Klatte, Kroppenstedt, Stackebrandt (1995): Dietzia, a new genus including Dietzia maris comb. nov., formerly Rhodococcus maris. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 45 (1): 32-6. doi:10.1099/00207713-45-1-32

[7] Koerner, Goodfellow, Jones (2009): The genus Dietzia: a new home for some known and emerging opportunist pathogens. FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 55 (3): 296-305. doi:10.1111/j.1574-695X.2008.00513.x

[8] Gharibzahedi, S.M.T. & Razavi S.H. & Mousavi, S.M. (2014) Characterization of bacteria of the genus Dietzia: an updated review. Ann Microbiol (2014) 64:1–11. - Gharibzahedi 2014 -

[9] Muller E. (2006). Bacteria and extracellular polymeric substances in activated sludge and scum formation. PhD thesis. TU Munich, Germany. - Muller Phd 2006 -

[10] Schuppler, Wagner, Schön, Göbel (1998): In situ identification of nocardioform actinomycetes in activated sludge using fluorescent rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) 144 ( Pt 1) (): 249-59. doi:10.1099/00221287-144-1-249

[11] Duckworth, Grant, Grant, Jones, Meijer (1998): Dietzia natronolimnaios sp. nov., a new member of the genus Dietzia isolated from an east African soda lake. Extremophiles 2 (3): 359-66.

[12] Petrovski, Dyson, Quill, McIlroy, Tillett, Seviour, et al. (2011): An examination of the mechanisms for stable foam formation in activated sludge systems. Water Res. 45 (5): 2146-54. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2010.12.026

[13] Kämpfer, Langer, Martin, Jäckel, Busse (2010): Dietzia aerolata sp. nov., isolated from the air of a duck barn, and emended description of the genus Dietzia Rainey et al. 1995. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60 (Pt 2): 393-6. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.012807-0

[14] Li, Zhao, Zhang, Klenk, Pukall, Qin, et al. (2008): Dietzia schimae sp. nov. and Dietzia cercidiphylli sp. nov., from surface-sterilized plant tissues. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 58 (Pt 11): 2549-54. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.2008/000919-0

[15] Yassin, Hupfer, Schaal (2006): Dietzia cinnamea sp. nov., a novel species isolated from a perianal swab of a patient with a bone marrow transplant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56 (Pt 3): 641-5. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63863-0

[16] Mayilraj, Suresh, Kroppenstedt, Saini (2006): Dietzia kunjamensis sp. nov., isolated from the Indian Himalayas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56 (Pt 7): 1667-71. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64212-0

[17] Li, Chen, Zhao, Klenk, Pukall, Zhang, et al. (2009): Description of Dietzia lutea sp. nov., isolated from a desert soil in Egypt. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 32 (2): 118-23. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2008.11.007

[18] Jones, Koerner, Natarajan, Perry, Goodfellow (2008): Dietzia papillomatosis sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from the skin of an immunocompetent patient with confluent and reticulated papillomatosis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 58 (Pt 1): 68-72. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65178-0

[19] Yumoto, Nakamura, Iwata, Kojima, Kusumoto, Nodasaka, et al. (2002): Dietzia psychralcaliphila sp. nov., a novel, facultatively psychrophilic alkaliphile that grows on hydrocarbons. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 52 (Pt 1): 85-90. doi:10.1099/00207713-52-1-85

[20] Yamamura, Lisdiyanti, Ridwan, Ratnakomala, Sarawati, Lestari, et al. (2010): Dietzia timorensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60 (Pt 2): 451-4. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.012229-0

[21] Kämpfer, Falsen, Frischmann, Busse (2012): Dietzia aurantiaca sp. nov., isolated from a human clinical specimen. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 62 (Pt 3): 484-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.032557-0

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