MethanospirillumDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameMethanospirillum
SourcePublished
Alternative names
NCBI taxonomy ID2202

Taxonomy

KingdomArchaea

16S gene copy number4
GenomesYes34

 In situOther
Filamentous5678
Hydrophobic cell surface2


Phase-contrast image of cell morphology of strain Pt1. Bar, 10 microns. - Source:5

Methanogen
Fatty acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed

Description

Methanospirillum are hydrogenotrophic, methanogenic Archaea 6. H2 + CO2 and/or formate, are utilised as substrates for methane production and growth 7. In pure culture, growth occurs under strictly anaerobic conditions, where acetate and yeast extract are often required by some species 8 5. Cells in pure culture are curved rods, that can occur singly 8 7 and sometimes form long, spiral filaments a few hundred micrometers in length, that are encased in a continuous proteinaceous sheath 6 8 5 9.

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FISH probes

Probe MG1200, specific for the order Methanomicrobiales 1.

Metabolism

 In situOther
Autotroph/Mixotroph
AOB
NOB
Anammox
Aerobic Heterotroph578
PAO
GAO
Nitrite Reduction
Sulphate Reduction4
Fermentation
Acetogen
Methanogen5678
Fatty Acids568
Sugars
Proteins/Amino Acids

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Influent000
Activated Sludge000
Digester-Mesophilic1.85.29.8
Digester-Thermophilic000.1

Predominant InAD - Mesophilic

References

[1] Raskin, Stromley, Rittmann, Stahl - Group-specific 16S rRNA hybridization probes to describe natural communities of methanogens. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60(4): 1232-40.

[2] Grotenhuis, Plugge, Stams, Zehnder - Hydrophobicities and electrophoretic mobilities of anaerobic bacterial isolates from methanogenic granular sludge. - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58(3): 1054-6.

[3] - NCBI genome database, NCBI id 2202 -

[4] Gunsalus, Cook, Crable, Rohlin, McDonald, Mouttaki, et al. - Complete genome sequence of Methanospirillum hungatei type strain JF1. - Stand Genomic Sci 11(): 2. doi:10.1186/s40793-015-0124-8

[5] Parshina, Ermakova, Bomberg, Detkova - Methanospirillum stamsii sp. nov., a psychrotolerant, hydrogenotrophic, methanogenic archaeon isolated from an anaerobic expanded granular sludge bed bioreactor operated at low temperature. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 1): 180-6. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.056218-0

[6] Ferry, J.G., Smith, P.H., Wolfe, R.S. (1974) Methanospirrilum, a new Genus of methanogenic bacteria and characterisation of Methanospirillum hungatii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 24(4): 465-469. - Ferry Et Al 1974docx -

[7] Zhou, Liu, Dong - Methanospirillum psychrodurum sp. nov., isolated from wetland soil. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64(Pt 2): 638-41. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.057299-0

[8] Iino, Mori, Suzuki - Methanospirillum lacunae sp. nov., a methane-producing archaeon isolated from a puddly soil, and emended descriptions of the genus Methanospirillum and Methanospirillum hungatei. - Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60(Pt 11): 2563-6. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.020131-0

[9] Zeikus, Bowen - Fine structure of Methanospirillum hungatii. - J. Bacteriol. 121(1): 373-80.

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