MethanoculleusDid we forget anything? Let us know

Genus nameMethanoculleus
Alternative namesThe following species have been transferred to the genus Methanoculleus: Methanogenium marisnigri, M. thermophilicum, M. olentangyi [U106], and M. frittonii [15879239].
NCBI taxonomy ID45989

Taxonomy (MiDAS 2.0)


16S gene copy number1-3

 In situOther
Hydrophobic cell surface

Transmission electron micrograph of negatively stained cells (b) and scanning electron micrograph showing morphology of strain S3FaT (d). Bars, (b) 0.5 nm and (d) 300 nm. - Source:12

Short-chain fatty acids
Proteins/Amino acids

POSNEGVariableNot assessed


Members of the genus Methanoculleus are strictly anaerobic, hydrogenotrophic methanogens, which grow and produce methane from H2/CO2, formate and sometimes from alcohols 4. In pure culture cells are irregular cocci, that occur singly or in pairs 4. Several species from the genus Methanogenium have been transferred to the genus Methanoculleus 4 5 6.

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 In situOther
Aerobic Heterotroph46781011121314
Nitrite Reduction
Sulfate Reduction
Short-chain Fatty Acids15456781011121314
Proteins/Amino Acids513

Abundance Information

 10 % percentileMedian90 % percentile
Activated Sludge000

Predominant InAD - Mesophilic


[1] Anderson, Sieprawska-Lupa, Lapidus, Nolan, Copeland, Glavina Del Rio, et al. (2009): Complete genome sequence of Methanoculleus marisnigri Romesser et al. 1981 type strain JR1. Stand Genomic Sci 1 (2): 189-96. doi:10.4056/sigs.32535

[2] Maus, Wibberg, Stantscheff, Eikmeyer, Seffner, Boelter, et al. (2012): Complete genome sequence of the hydrogenotrophic, methanogenic archaeon Methanoculleus bourgensis strain MS2(T), Isolated from a sewage sludge digester. J. Bacteriol. 194 (19): 5487-8. doi:10.1128/JB.01292-12

[3] Narihiro, Kusada, Yoneda, Tamaki (2016): Draft Genome Sequences of Methanoculleus horonobensis Strain JCM 15517, Methanoculleus thermophilus Strain DSM 2373, and Methanofollis ethanolicus Strain JCM 15103, Hydrogenotrophic Methanogens Belonging to the Family Methanomicrobiaceae. Genome Announc 4 (2): . doi:10.1128/genomeA.00199-16

[4] Maestrojuan, G.M., Boone, D.R., Xun, L., Mah, R.A., and Zhang, L. (1990) Transfer of Methanogenium bourgense, Methanogenium marisnigri, Methanogenium olentangyi, and Methanogenium thermophilicum to the genus Methanoculleus gen. nov., emendation of Methanoculleus marisnigri and Methanogenium, and Description of new strains of Methanoculleus bourgense and Methanoculleus marisnigri. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 40(2): 117-122. - Maestrojuan Et Al 1990docx -

[5] Spring, Schumann, Spröer (2005): Methanogenium frittonii Harris et al. 1996 is a later synonym of Methanoculleus thermophilus (Rivard and Smith 1982) Maestrojuan et al. 1990. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55 (Pt 3): 1097-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63607-0

[6] Rivard, C.J., and Smith, P.H. (1982) Isolation and characterisation of a thermophilic marine methanogenic bacterium, Methanogenium thermophilicum sp. Nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 32(4): 430-436. - Rivard And Smith 1982docx -

[7] Dianou, Miyaki, Asakawa, Morii, Nagaoka, Oyaizu, et al. (2001): Methanoculleus chikugoensis sp. nov., a novel methanogenic archaeon isolated from paddy field soil in Japan, and DNA-DNA hybridization among Methanoculleus species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 51 (Pt 5): 1663-9. doi:10.1099/00207713-51-5-1663

[8] Shimizu, Ueno, Tamamura, Naganuma, Kaneko (2013): Methanoculleus horonobensis sp. nov., a methanogenic archaeon isolated from a deep diatomaceous shale formation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 63 (Pt 11): 4320-3. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.053520-0

[9] Tian, Wang, Dong (2010): Methanoculleus hydrogenitrophicus sp. nov., a methanogenic archaeon isolated from wetland soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60 (Pt 9): 2165-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.019273-0

[10] Zellner, Messner, Winter, Stackebrandt (1998): Methanoculleus palmolei sp. nov., an irregularly coccoid methanogen from an anaerobic digester treating wastewater of a palm oil plant in north-Sumatra, Indonesia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 48 Pt 4 (): 1111-7. doi:10.1099/00207713-48-4-1111

[11] Cheng, Qiu, Li, Wang, Deng, Yin, et al. (2008): Isolation and characterization of Methanoculleus receptaculi sp. nov. from Shengli oil field, China. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 285 (1): 65-71. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6968.2008.01212.x

[12] Chen, Chen, Lai, Weng, Wu, Lin, et al. (2015): Methanoculleus sediminis sp. nov., a methanogen from sediments near a submarine mud volcano. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65 (7): 2141-7. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.000233

[13] Mikucki, Liu, Delwiche, Colwell, Boone (2003): Isolation of a methanogen from deep marine sediments that contain methane hydrates, and description of Methanoculleus submarinus sp. nov. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69 (6): 3311-6.

[14] Weng, Chen, Lai, Wu, Lin, Yang, et al. (2015): Methanoculleus taiwanensis sp. nov., a methanogen isolated from deep marine sediment at the deformation front area near Taiwan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65 (Pt 3): 1044-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.000062

[15] Barret, Gagnon, Kalmokoff, Topp, Verastegui, Brooks, et al. (2013): Identification of Methanoculleus spp. as active methanogens during anoxic incubations of swine manure storage tank samples. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 79 (2): 424-33. doi:10.1128/AEM.02268-12

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